Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day – April 13
India observes Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day onApril 13. Jallianwala Bagh has become a famous name and place in the Indian history as Jallianwala Bagh Massacre since 1919. It is the public garden located in the Amritsar, Punjab, India. There has built a memorial in the memory of peaceful people which has been marked as a national significant place in the Punjab state of India.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, was a seminal event in the British rule of India. On 13 April 1919, a crowd of non-violent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, had gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh garden in Amritsar, Punjab to protest the arrest of two leaders despite a curfew which had been recently declared. On the orders of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, the army fired on the crowd for ten minutes, directing their bullets largely towards the few open gates through which people were trying to run out. The dead numbered between 370 and 1,000, or possibly more. This “brutality stunned the entire nation”, resulting in a “wrenching loss of faith” of the general public in the intentions of Britain. The ineffective inquiry and the initial accolades for Dyer by the House of Lords fuelled widespread anger, leading to the Non-co-operation movement of 1920–22.
The memorial, built at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre site, is getting managed by the trust called Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust. This memorial was established by the Government of India in the year 1951 as per the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act. Jallianwala Bagh massacre is commemorated by the people all over the India every year on 13th of April in order to remember and pay tribute to the people who had sacrificed their lives in that massacre.