Angiology is the branch of medical science that studies the circulatory, lymphatic system, and vascular diseases. In theUK this field is more often termed angiology, and in the United States the term vascular medicine is more frequent.
Most leading causes of death in the modern world are related to blood vessel pathology. The field of vascular medicine (angiology) is the field that deals with preventing, diagnosing and treating vascular and blood vessel related diseases.
Arterial diseases include the aorta (aneurysms/dissection) and arteries supplying the legs hands, kidneys, brain, intestines. It also covers arterial thrombosis and embolism; vasculitides; and vasospastic disorders. Naturally, it deals with preventing cardio – vascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Venous diseases include venous thrombosis, chronic venous insufficiency, and varicose veins. Lymphatic diseases include primary and secondary forms oflymphedema. It also involves modification of risk factors for vascular disease like high cholesterol, high blood pressure.
Cardiovascular risk factors such high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol and others fall under the specialty of vascular medicine. Hence a vascular medicine specialist should be able to address most of the major diseases in our age in a comprehensive manner, using a unique perspective.