International Day of Disabled People – December 3
International Day of People With Disability is an international observance observed December 3 promoted by the United Nations (UN). The observance of the Day aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities. It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
Facts about disability
- At least 10% of the world’s population, or 650 million people, live with a disability (1).
- 20% of the worlds poor are disabled (2).
- The percentage of children with disabilities not attending school is extremely variable and is between 65 – 85% in some African countries (3).
- Mortality for children with disabilities may be as high as 80% in countries where under-five mortality as a whole has decreased to below 20% (4).
- In many low-income and middle -income countries, only 5-15% of disabled people who require assistive devices and technology have access to them (5).
Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is a development strategy that is currently implemented in over 90 countries throughout the world to address the needs of people with disabilities and their family members. CBR aims to provide rehabilitation, reduce poverty, equalize opportunities and promote the inclusion of disabled people in their communities. It focuses on four key development areas – health, education, livelihood and social – and promotes mainstreaming and empowerment. CBR is a flexible and dynamic strategy that can be adapted to suit different contexts and where properly funded and supported it can make a contribution towards the achievement of the MDGs and the implementation of the CRPD.