ASP.Net Interview Questions and Answers – Part3

21. What is globalization? 
Globalization is the process of customizing applications that support multiple cultures and regions.

22. What is localization?
Localization is the process of customizing applications that support a given culture and regions.

23. What is MIME? 
The definition of MIME or Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions as stated in MSDN is “MIME is a standard that can be used to include content of various types in a single message. MIME extends the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) format of mail messages to include multiple content, both textual and non-textual. Parts of the message may be images, audio, or text in different character sets. The MIME standard derives from RFCs such as 2821 and 2822”.

24. How ASP .NET different from ASP? 
Scripting is separated from the HTML, Code is compiled as a DLL, these DLLs can be executed on the server.

25. What is smart navigation? 
The cursor position is maintained when the page gets refreshed due to the server side validation and the page gets refreshed.

26. What is view state? 
The web is stateless. But in ASP.NET, the state of a page is maintained in the in the page itself automatically. How? The values are encrypted and saved in hidden controls. this is done automatically by the ASP.NET. This can be switched off / on for a single control

27. How do you validate the controls in an ASP .NET page? 
Using special validation controls that are meant for this. We have Range Validator, Email Validator.

28. Can the validation be done in the server side? Or this can be done only in the Client side?
Client side is done by default. Server side validation is also possible. We can switch off the client side and server side can be done.

29. How to manage pagination in a page? 
Using pagination option in DataGrid control. We have to set the number of records for a page, then it takes care of pagination by itself.

30. What is ADO .NET and what is difference between ADO and ADO.NET? 
ADO.NET is stateless mechanism. I can treat the ADO.Net as a separate in-memory database where in I can use relationships between the tables and select insert and updates to the database. I can update the actual database as a batch.

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