Linus Pauling – Scientist
BIRTHDAY: February 28, 1901
DEATH DATE: Aug 19, 1994 (age 93)
Linus Pauling was an american chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator who was one of the most influential chemists in history. He is one of four people ever to win two Noble Prizes, winning one in Chemistry in 1954 and one for his peace activism in 1962. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists of the 20th century. Pauling was one of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology.
He is one of only four individuals to have won more than one Nobel Prize (the others being Marie Curie, John Bardeen, and Frederick Sanger). Pauling is also one of only two people to be awarded Nobel Prizes in different fields, the other being Marie Curie.
He was in constant financial difficulty between his father’s failing business and early death.
He declined a position on the Manhattan Project and in 1946, he joined the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, chaired by Albert Einstein, which sought to warn the public of the dangers of nuclear weapons.
He promoted orthomolecular medicine, megavitamin therapy, dietary supplements, and taking large doses of vitamin C.
He married Ava Helen Miller in 1923; the couple had three sons and one daughter. Another famous Nobel Prize-winning scientist was Daniel Dovet.