Human Anatomy & Physiology Questions – Part 13

This is the Part 13 general knowledge questions and answers section on “Human Anatomy & Physiology” with explanation for various interview, competitive examination and entrance test. Solved examples with detailed answer description, explanation are given and it would be easy to understand.

121. Whar are leucocytes (WBC)?
These are nucleated cells some of which are capable of amoeboid movement. They are present in normal blood in smaller numbers than red cells. Their main functions is to act as one of the body’s defences.

122. Whar are thrombocytes?
They are small non-nucleated oval or round cells. They are capable of sticking together and prevents bleeding by forming a physical barrier.

123. From where the cells are produced?
They are produced from the bone marrow.

124. What is coagulation?
The clotting of blood outside the body is called coagulation.

125.What is haemoglobin?
It is a large complex molecule. It is synthesized in the developing red cells and has an iron containing complex called haem.

126. Who first explained the theory of coagulation?
Morawitz in 1905.

127. Which are the four main groups of blood?
They are A, B, AB and O

128. How much blood does the body have?
An average blood has 5 litres of blood.

129. What is the normal temperature of the body?
The normal temperature is 37oC or 98.4oF

130. Which is the disease caused by the over activity of the thyroid gland?
Exopthallmic Goitre.

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