Human Anatomy & Physiology Questions – Part 9

This is the Part 9 general knowledge questions and answers section on “Human Anatomy & Physiology” with explanation for various interview, competitive examination and entrance test. Solved examples with detailed answer description, explanation are given and it would be easy to understand.

81. What is function of endocrine system?
The endocrine system adjust and correlates the various activities of the body, making adjustment to the body system by the changing demands of the external and internal

82. What is the pituitary gland?
It is often described as the master gland or the leader of the endocrine orchestra. It is reddish in colour, roughly oval in shape and is situated at the base of the brain.

83. How many lobes are there in the pituitary and which are they?
The pituitary has three lobes 1) Anterior pituitary 2) The mid lobe of the pituitary 3)Posterior pituitary

84. What is the name of the secretions of ductless gland?

85. Which are the hormones secreted by the Anterior pituitary?
They are 1) growth hormone(Somatotrophic-harmone) 2) adrenocarticotrophic hormone (ACTH) 3)Thyrotrophic stimulating hormone (TSH) 4) Prolactin (Lactogenic hormone) (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH)

86. Which hormone is involved in the water regulation of the body?
The hormone is involved in water regulation is ADH or Anti-diuretic hormone released by the posterior pituitary.

87. How do hiccups occur?
The hiccups occur when the diaphram and the muscles between the ribs suddenly contract. This causes a sharp, uncontrollable, inhalation of air, which is unable to reach the lungs because of the muscles spasm has closed the windpipe.

88. What are the activities of the digestive system?
The five activities are ingestine, secretion, digestion, absorption and elimination.

89. What are carbohydrates?
They consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. They are found in sugar, jams, cereals, bread, potatoes, fruit, vegetables and milk.

90. What is the function of the carbohydrates?
In the body they are utilized to provide energy and heat, and help to maintain the normal blood glucose level.

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