Hiroshima Day / Anti Nuclear Day / Nagasaki Day
Hiroshima Day observed every year 6th August. Hiroshima Day commemorates 6 August 1945, the day when an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by United States of America, followed a few days later by another dropped on the city of Nagasaki.
A uranium gun-type atomic bomb called Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed by a plutonium implosion-type bomb called Fat Man on the city of Nagasaki on August 9. Little Boy exploded 2,000 feet above Hiroshima in a blast equal to 12-15,000 tons of TNT, destroying five square miles of the city. Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects of the atomic bombings killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000–80,000 in Nagasaki; roughly half of the deaths in each city occurred on the first day. During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians, although Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison.
The bombings effectively ended World War II by bringing about the surrender of Japan, but at a terrible price – the two cities were destroyed and casualties, mostly civilians, were estimated at around 200,000, with many more people dying later from injuries and illness. This event shows danger of using nuclear weapons.
Hiroshima Day is now a focus for anti-war and anti-nuclear discussions and demonstrations. Hiroshima Day also observed as Anti Nuclear Day also called A-Bomb Day. Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony to console the victims of the atomic bombs and to pray for the realization of lasting world peace. The ceremony is held in front of the Memorial Cenotaph in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Participants include the families of the deceased and people from all over the world.