Scheme & Plan Launched by Union & State Government

Here we listed out important scheme and plan launched by union & State government. This would help you for competitive examinations. – Current Affairs

State and Central Government Schemes

State and Central Government Schemes

1. Niti Ayog
India’s Planning Commission will be renamed “Niti Ayog” (National Institution for Transforming India) as part of a plan to
restructure the institution that the government believes has run its course.
The name, replacing “Yojana (planning)” with “Niti (policy)” will be announced in an amended resolution for the new plan
The Planning Commission had suggested to a group chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi that its replacement body
should be structured to meet the need of changing economic paradigm and comprise sectoral experts and states’
representative. The restructured plan panel could be a combination of three or four divisions.
The NITI Aayog will comprise the following:
• Prime Minister of India as the Chairperson
• Governing Council comprising the Chief Ministers of all the States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories
• Regional Councils will be formed to address specific issues and contingencies impacting more than one state or a region.
These will be formed for a specified tenure. The Regional Councils will be convened by the Prime Minister and will
comprise of the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in the region. These will be chaired by the
Chairperson of the NITI Aayog or his nominee.
• Experts, specialists and practitioners with relevant domain knowledge as special invitees nominated by the Prime Minister
• The full-time organizational framework will comprise of, in addition to the Prime Minister as the Chairperson: | | 20
i. Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister
ii. Members: Full-time
iii. Part-time members: Maximum of 2 from leading universities research organizations and other relevant institutions in an
ex-officio capacity. Part time members will be on a rotational basis.
iv. Ex Officio members: Maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
v. Chief Executive Officer : To be appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government
of India.
vi. Secretariat as deemed necessary.

2. PAHAL Scheme
i. More than 60 per cent of LPG customers in the country have joined the ambitious PAHAL scheme for receiving cash
subsidy so that they can buy cooking gas (LPG) at market price.
ii. Over 9 crore consumers, out of a total customer base of 15.33 crore, have joined the Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG
(DBTL) scheme and Rs 2,262 crore in cash has been transfered to them.
iii. The DBTL Scheme for LPG consumers (PAHAL) was launched on November 15, 2014 in 54 districts and in the rest of
the country on January 1, 2015.
iv. The Scheme aims to transfer the subsidy on LPG directly into the bank accounts of over 15 crore LPG consumers.

3. Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao
i. The ‘Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao’ scheme, which seeks to address gender imbalance and discrimination against the girl
child, was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Panipat in Haryana.
ii. Mahendergarh and Jhajjar districts of Haryana are badly effected with imbalanced Sex ratios where there are just about
775 girls for 1,000 boys, the lowest in India.
‘Aapki Beti Humari Beti’ scheme launched in Haryana – Haryana chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar launched a scheme for
girl child – ‘Aapki Beti Humari Beti’ – with an aim to combat the problem of declining child sex ratio in the state.
Sukanya Samriddhi Accounts –
i. Rate of interest 9.1% Per Annum(2014-15),calculated on yearly basis ,Yearly compounded.
ii. Minimum INR. 1000/-and Maximum INR. 1,50,000/- in a financial year. Subsequent deposit in multiple of INR 100/-
Deposits can be made in lump-sum No limit on number of deposits either in a month or in a Financial year
iii. Account can be opened up to age of 10 years only from the date of birth.
iv. If minimum Rs 1000/- is not deposited in a financial year, account will become discontinued and can be revived with a
penalty of Rs 50/- per year with minimum amount required for deposit for that year.
v. Partial withdrawal, maximum up to 50% of balance standing at the end of the preceding financial year can be taken
after Account holder’s attaining age of 18 years.
vi. Account can be closed after completion of 21 years.

4. Amrut Mahotsav – The year 2022, 75th year of Independence
Vision for “Team India” led by PM
i. Basic facility of 24×7 power, clean drinking water, a toilet and road connectivity.
ii. Housing for all – 2 crore houses in Urban areas and 4 crore houses in Rural areas.
iii. At least one member has access to means for livelihood.
iv. Substantial reduction in poverty.
v. Electrification of the remaining 20,000 villages including off-grid Solar Power- by 2020.
vi. Connecting each of the 1,78,000 un-connected habitation.
vii. Providing medical services in each village and city.
viii. Ensure a Senior Secondary School within 5 km reach of every child, while improving quality of education and
learning outcomes.
ix. To strengthen rural economy – increase irrigated area, improve the efficiency of existing irrigation systems, and
ensure value addition and reasonable price for farm produce.
x. Ensure communication connectivity to all villages.
xi. To make India, the manufacturing hub of the World through Skill India and the Make in India Programmes.
xii. Encourage and grow the spirit of entrepreneurship – to turn youth into job creators.
xiii. Development of Eastern and North Eastern regions on par with the rest of the country.

5. Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Mission Indradhanush
i. Under Mission Indradhanush, four special vaccination campaigns will be conducted between January and June 2015
with intensive planning and monitoring of these campaigns.
ii. 201 districts will be covered in the first phase of the mission, 297 districts will be targeted for the second phase in the
year 2015.
iii. Out of the 201 districts, 82 districts are in just four states of UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and nearly 25
percent of the unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children of India are in these 82 districts of 4 states.
iv. The Ministry will be technically supported by WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and other donor partners.
v. Mass media, interpersonal communication, and sturdy mechanisms of monitoring and evaluating the scheme are
crucial components of Mission.

6. Govt launches Digital India initiatives on Good Governance Day
-> To mark the Good Governance Day, Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad announced 21 schemes including one-month
rental free MTNL broadband and landline combo plans on new bookings.
-> Key projects include time stamping of digital signature, Integrated Indian Languages Virtual Keyboard for Android,
PARAM Shavak (Super computer in box solution), .bharat domain in Gujarati and Bangla, e-launch of Support
International Patent Protection in Electronics & IT scheme (SIP-EIT).
-> Another launch was that of C-DOT’s solution MAX-NG, a cost effective and smooth migration path to Internet Protocol
Multimedia Systems (IMS).
->Department of Electronics and IT (DeitY) also launched Gyansetu, which is an Internet based real time ICT system to
provide eServices to the rural population and e-Governance Competency Framework (e-GCF). DeitY has also taken
various initiatives like MyGov, Aadhaar-enabled Biometric attendance system, Jeevan Pramaan, eGreetings, eSampark,
National Digital Literacy Mission, eGovernance Competency Framework to promote good governance.
More about Gyan Setu Project –
I. Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Centre for
Development of Telematics (C-DOT) .
II. GYAN SETU helps the rural masses with low literacy level and has
exposure only to local language, in getting connected to the internet
through a power optimized rugged platform for highly visual based

7. Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana:

Government approved Rs 43,033-crore rural electrification scheme Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram
Jyoti Yojana.
Note: The scheme will replace the existing Rajiv Gandhi Grameen
Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
ii. The scheme is likely to work towards improvement in hours of
power supply in rural areas, reduction in peak load, improvement in
billed energy based on metered consumption and providing access to
electricity to rural households.

8. Union Government launched the nationwide Bal Swachhta Mission:
About Bal Swachhta Mission
i. The Bal Swachhta Mission is a part of the nationwide sanitation
initiative of Swachh Bharat Mission that was launched by the Prime
Minister on 2 October 2014.
The nationwide Bal Swachhta Mission will have the following six
1. Clean Anganwadis 2. Clean
Surroundings like Playgrounds
3. Clean Self (Personal Hygiene/Child Health) 4. Clean Food
5. Clean Drinking Water 6. Clean Toilets

9. PM launches Jeevan Pramaan – Digital Life Certificate for Pensioners an “Aadhar-based Digital Life Certificate” for

10. PM launches Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate programme to ensure labour reforms and also to ensure
transparency in the labour sector.
Under the scheme, the following new initiatives are provided:
• Labours will be provided Unique Labour Identification number, Local Interconnect Network, to facilitate their online
• Unified Labour Portal (Shram Suvidha) and a Transparent & Accountable Labour Inspection Scheme to facilitate ease of
compliance to facilitate ease of compliance especially for four Central Government
Organizations i.e. ESIC, EPFO, DGMS and CLC.
• Demand Responsive Vocational Training
• Apprentice Protsahan Yojana
• Portability through Universal Account Number for Employees’ Provident Fund Account Holders
• Implementation of Revamped Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) for the workers in the unorganized sector
Note: Launching another initiative called Labour Inspection Scheme to abolish inspector raj, A computerized list of
inspections will be generated randomly for labour inspectors. It will be mandatory for them to upload inspection reports
within 72 hours.

11. Prime Minister launches Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana an ambitious village development project under which each MP
will take the responsibility of developing physical and institutional infrastructure in three villages by 2019.
Note: Under this yojana around 2,500 villages to be developed as Adarsh Gram

12. Swachh Bharat Mission (Ek Kadam Swachhata Ki Aur) launched on Oct 2: The concept of Swachh Bharat is to pave
access for every person to sanitation facilities including toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness
and safe and adequate drinking water supply.
Important Points:
1. The Mission aims at fulfilling the dream of clean India of Mahatma Gandhi by his 150th birth anniversary in 2019.
2. Logo – created by Shri Anant Khasbardar of Kolhapur, Maharashtra has won the Logo design contest
3. The Tagline “Ek Kadam Swachhata Ki Aur” was given by Ms.Bhagyasri Sheth of Rajkot, Gujarat emerged successful
in the contest for Tagline for the Logo.
4. PM Narendra Modi appointed bollywood actor Aamri Khan as the Brand Ambassador of the Swachh Bharat Mission
5. Prime Minister roped 9 celebrities including cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar, Congress leader Shashi Tharoor,
industrialist Anil Ambani, Salman Khan, Priyanka Chopra and Kamal Haasan, Goa governor Mridula Sinha, yoga guru
Ramdev and the team of TV serial “Tarak Mehta Ka Ulta Chashma”.

13. Prime Minister launches ‘Make in India’ global initiative with an aim to boost India`s manufacturing sector.

14. Union Government launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana for urban and rural poor
Note: i. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana has two components one for urban India and other for rural India.
ii. The Urban component will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
iii. Rural component named as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana will be implemented by the Union
Ministry of Rural Development.
Main Highlights of the Urban Scheme
i. Imparting skills with an expenditure of 15000 rupees to 18000 rupees on each urban poor
ii. Enabling urban poor form Self-Help Groups for meeting financial and social needs with a support of 10000 rupees per
each group who would in turn would be helped with bank linkages.
Main Poins of the Rural Scheme
i. The Yojana aims at training 10 lakh (1 million) rural youths
for jobs in three years, that is, by 2017.
ii. The minimum age for entry under the Yojana is 15 years
compared to 18 years under the Aajeevika Skills Programme.
iii. The skills imparted under the Yojana will now be
benchmarked against international standards and will
complement the Prime Minister’s Make In India campaign.

15. Union Ministry of Science & Technology announces “KIRAN”( Knowledge, Involvement, Research, Advancement through Nurturing) scheme for Women Scientists
i. To increase the number of women researchers in India.
ii. Provide Research grants particularly to those female researchers and technologists who had to take a break in career
owing to household reasons.
iii. Bring about, as far as achievable, gender parity in the field of science and technology.

16. Government will soon launch Universal Health Assurance Mission to provide affordable health services to people.
Under the mission about 50 essential drugs with a diagnostic package and 30 AYUSH drugs will be made available to all
citizens at government hospitals and health centers across the country.

17. Bhamashah Financial Empowerment Scheme – Government of Rajasthan
The Government of Rajasthan has embarked upon Bhamashah Financial Empowerment Scheme, (BFES) whereby the
Government will deposit Rs.1500/- into the savings accounts of 50 lakh rural families belonging to Below Poverty Line

18. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana: RSBY started rolling from 1st April 2008.
Note: i. RSBY has been launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India to provide health insurance
coverage for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
ii. The objective of RSBY is to provide protection to BPL households from financial liabilities arising out of health shocks
that involve hospitalization.
iii. Beneficiaries under RSBY are entitled to hospitalization coverage up to Rs. 30,000/- for most of the diseases that
require hospitalization.

19. National Pension System -: Government of India established Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
(PFRDA)- External website that opens in a new window on 10th October, 2003 to develop and regulate pension sector in
the country.
The National Pension System (NPS) was launched on 1st January, 2004 with the objective of providing retirement
income to all the citizens.
i. Under Swavalamban Scheme- External website that opens in a new window, the government will contribute a sum
of Rs.1,000 to each eligible NPS subscriber who contributes a minimum of Rs.1,000 and maximum Rs.12,000 per annum.
This scheme is presently applicable upto F.Y.2016-17.
ii. The subscriber will be allotted a unique Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN). This unique account number
will remain the same for the rest of subscriber’s life. This unique PRAN can be used from any location in India.

20. Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD),
Government of India in June 2011. The basic idea behind this programme is to organize the poor into SHG (Self Help
Groups) groups and make them capable for self-employment.

21. Indira Awas Yojan: It is one of the major flagship programs of the Rural Development Ministry to construct houses for
BPL population in the villages
Note: i. The financial assistance provided for new construction in the form of full grant is Rs.70,000/- per unit for plain
areas & Rs.75,000/- for hilly/difficult areas.
ii. Further, an IAY beneficiary can avail top-up loan upto Rs 20,000/- under the Differential Rate of Interest (DRI Scheme)
from any Nationalized Bank at an interest rate of 4% per annum.

22. Govt re-launches Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana: The government has re-launched the Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana,
for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.
Note: It will provide monthly pension ranging from 500 to 5,000 rupees per month to senior citizens of the country.
ii. The Scheme will be administrated by the Life Insurance Corporation, LIC.

23. National rural scheme on PPP model launched: Rural Development Minister Nitin Gadkari launched the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee National Rural Mission on PPP model with an allocation of 100 crore rupees.
Note: The scheme will be initially available in three districts of the country on pilot basis. The districts are Warangal in
Andhra Pradesh and two districts in Maharashtra.
ii. The scheme is intended to stop migration from rural areas to cities. The government wants to create infrastructure in
villages so that people can get employment there and do not migrate to cities.

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