Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
The life Dr. Abdul Kalam is shining example. From a very humble beginning, by his dint of hardwork, he rose to this eminent position and has become the First Citizen of India.
|FAMOUS AS||Former President of India, Scientist|
|ALSO KNOWN AS||Missile Man|
|BORN ON||15 October 1931 AD|
|DIED AT||AGE 83|
|BORN IN||Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu|
|DIED ON||27 July 2015 AD|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Shillong, Meghalaya, India|
|AWARDS||Bharat Ratna (1997)
Padma Vibhushan (1990)
Padma Bhushan (1981)
Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (1997)
Ramanujan Award (2000)
King Charles II Medal (2007)
Hoover Medal (2008)
International von Kármán Wings Award
- He was born on 15th October 1931 at Dhanushkodi near Rammeswaram in TamilNadu. His full name is Avil Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. His family was not very rich. His father used to rent boats to fishermen to earn his livelihood.
- He was the project Director in ISRO and, his extensive research in the field led to the design, development and test fire of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV III).
- After spending 19 years in ISRO, he rejoined DRDO in 1982. He devised and developed the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) for missile.
- He was Scientific Adviser to the Defence Ministry from 1992 to 1999. Then he become the chairman of the Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council.
- Abdul Kalam very strongly believes that deep scientific knowledge should be inculcated among the younger generation.
- With the aim of igniting the young minds towards technology development, he meets the high school students and interacts with them.
- Abdul Kalam has been conferred Degree of Doctor of Science by about 30 universities and academic institutions.
- He has been awarded many prestigious national awards including Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1997.
- He is a recipient of the H.K. Firodia Award for Excellence in Science and Technology. He received the Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration in 1997.
- He was the eleventh President of the India. Dr. Kalam is a pride of India. He was the first non-politician to be made the President.
- His home town Danushkoti had been engulfed by the sea during the 1966 cyclone. However, Danushkoti had left behind an invaluable treasure. And that is Dr. Abdul Kalam.
- He was interested in airplane technology from childhood. Just then a new institute, MIT, that imparted this technology, had opened at Madras and Abdul Kalam joined this institute and did his engineering from there. Going abroad for further education was out of question due to economic constraints.
- Dr. Abdul Kalam started his research work in the field of missile technology in 1958. He was appointed as Secretary of the DRDO (Defence Research Development Orgainization). Later he became head of this department.
- While working at the DRDO he came in contact with ISRO (Indian Space Research Orgainization) and later joined this organization. Here he created the vehicle to launch missiles into space through the satellite ‘Rohini’. These are known as SLV (Satelllite Launch Vehicles). This was a great achievement for Dr. Kalam. In 1960 he visited America for a short while.
- At the instance of Dr. Ramanna, he joined DRDO again in 1982 and became the Director of DRDO at Hyderabad where he drew up an Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme and tried to develop India’s own missiles in order to strengthen India’s defence system and make India self-sufficient as far as missiles were concerned.
- A chain of missiles like ‘Prithvi’, ‘Nag’, ‘Akash’, ‘Trishul’, ‘Agni’ came into being under his able guidance. ‘Prithvi’ was a missile which could be used from the earth on the earth, ‘Nag’ was for the destruction of tanks and ‘Trishul’ and ‘Agni’ were made for the Air force.
- Dr. Abdul Kalam has also established an advanced Technology Research Centre, called Research Centre Imaarat, as an extension of DRDL to undertake development in futuristic missile technology areas. He has also established a unique three tier management structure to integrate and commit technologists, academic institutions, industries etc.
- As Dr. Kalam was born and brought up in Tamilnadu he has a special affinity to the language. He is very interested in Tamil literature and has written some poems in the Tamil language, which were translated into English by the famous Tamil poet Manidarshi under the title, “My Journey”. Dr. Kalam loves music and enjoys playing the ‘Veena’.
- He is a vegetarian and does not smoke and drink. He is unmarried, or you can say that he is married to Science.
- He is very humble and gives the credit of his success to his colleagues without whose co-operation and hard work he could not have achieved anything. He says that he is ever grateful to them.
- Dr. Abdul Kalam expressed his joy and thanks when he heard that he was going to receive the “Bharat Ratna” award. He made special mention of Prof. C.V. Subramanian, Vikram Sarabhai, Prof. Satish Dhawan and Prof. Brahm Prakash who influenced him gretly.
- Dr. Kalam did not do a Ph.D. but he was honoured with several degrees and awards from various Universities. He received the Aryabhatt Award, national Nehru Award, G.M. Modi Award and Om Prakash Bhasin Award, to name a few.
- He was Vice-President of the Astronomical Society of India, Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore and the Indian National Academy of Engineering.
- Dr. Abdul Kalam advise the youth of the country to “dream, dream and dream and convert these into thoughts and later into actions”. His advice is to “think big”. “We are a nation of a billion people and we must think like a nation of a billion people. Only then can we become big.
- In 1981 Dr. Abdul Kalam was awarded the ‘Padma Bhushan’ and in 1990 he was awarded the ‘Padma Vibhushan’. In 1997 he was awarded with the highest honour of India, the “Bharat Ratna”. India is honoured to have given birth to this great son who continues to be the guiding force behind India’s missiles and nuclear weapons.