Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

Here we listed out some interesting factor about Architect of Modern West Bengal Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievemnet, etc

Born: 1 July 1882
Birth Place: Bankipore, India
Died: 1 July 1962, Kolkata, India
Party: Indian National Congress
Awards: Bharat Ratna
Education: Presidency University, Kolkata, more
Books: A Passage to Globalism: Globalization, Identities and South Asian Diasporic Fiction in Britain
Nationality: Indian
Profession: Physician, Freedom fighter, politician.

  • Bidhan Chandra Roy, the architect of modern West Bengal, a great Congress leader and an excellent doctor, was born on July1,  1882, at Bankipore in Patna, Bihar, where his father, Prakash Chandra Roy, was an Excise Inspector.
  • Bidhan Chandra was the youngest among five brothers. After the death of their mother, their father, Prakash Chandra Roy, brought up his  sons sigle-handedly.
  • He met Col. Lukes, the Principal of Calcutta Medical College who encouraged him to take up medicine and Bidhan Chandra joined the Calcutta Medical College.
  • In school Bidhan Chandra had been an average student, but he was sincere and hard working and very keen on becoming a doctor.
  • The Chittaranjan Seva Sadan for Women and Children opened in 1926 and it was recognized as a hospital for all classes and communities.
  • Roy then opened a centre for training women in nursing and social work.
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy was a member and editor of the Calcutta Medical Journal from 1922to 1929. He was also President of the All India Midical Conference in  1929.
  • He was elected a Fellow of the Calcutta University in 1916 and was a Fellow till the end.
  • In 1942, he became the President of the National Council of Education. He established the Kharagpur I.I.T (Indian Institute of Technology).
  • He also organized and established the “Rabindra Bharathi University” during the birth centenary of Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Bidan Chandra Roy was drawn into politics at an early age and in 1923, as a young doctor, he contested against Sir Surendra Nath Banerjee as an independent candidate, supported by the Swarajya Party of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and surprisingly defeated the veteran leader at the polls.
  • He went on to join the Swarajya Party and became the right hand of Das Babu.
  • In 1928 Dr. Roy was elected a member of the All India Congress Committee and came in close personal contact with Mahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru and several political leaders.
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy was not only an excellent politician; he was also an excellent doctor. He could detect the pulse of the nation just as well as he could detect the pulse of a patient.  His diagnosis was always accurate.
  • All the great leaders of the time like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, consulted Dr. Roy for their medical problems.
  • Roy would attend on Mahatma Gandhi personally every time he went on long fasts and would issue pamphlets informing the public of his day-to-day health.
  • He was a personal physician to most of the political leaders and developed close friendship with Mahatma Gandhi and Subash Chandra Bose.
  • Roy was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta in 1942.
  • In 1947, the Calcutta University sent Dr. Roy to the Bengal Legislative Council and in 1948, Congress legislators of West Bengal chose him as their leader.  In 1952 he was elected Chief Minister of West Bengal.
  • His power lay in his deep knowledge, his passion for precision, his orderliness of mind, his strong common sense, and his sincerity, his understanding of any situation and his human approach.
  • In recognition of his great work as a constructive leader and a patriot, the Government of India honoured Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy with the highest honour of “Bharat Ratna” on February 4, 1961.
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy remained a bachelor, or one could say that he was married to public service. He was  kind and sensitive and his motto was “never say die”.
  • In his childhood he read a sentence on the wall of his house, “Don’t say I can’t do it” and this made a deep impression on him and he refused to   accept
  • In 1947 when India attained freedom, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was offered the Governership of Uttar Pradesh, but he refused to accept it and spent all his life working for the people of West Bengal.
  • He was Chief Minister of West Bengal for 14 long years, from 1948 to 1962.  He can be truly be called the architect of the modern West Bengal.
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy was a famed doctor not only in India but also abroad. When President Kennedy approached Dr. Roy treated him and President Kennedy sent him a letter of thanks, informing him that he had experienced no pain since then.
  • Bidhan Chandra Roy suffered a heart attack and was depressed. On July 1, 1962, his eightieth birthday, several people  came to wish him, but  Dr. Roy passed away the same afternoon.
  • Several awards have been instituted in his memory. The B.C. Roy National Award (1976) covers medicine, politics, science, philosophy, literature and arts.
  • There is an award for an eminent teacher in medicine and one for research. A Dr. B.C. Roy Memorial Library  and Reading Room for children in Children’s Book Trust, New Delhi was opened  in 1967.
  • B.C. Roy served the nation till the end of his life.

Architect of Modern West Bengal Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy

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