Dr. Pandurang Kane

Here we listed out some interesting facts about Eminent Indologist Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievemnet, etc

Born: 7 May 1880
Birth Place: Ratnagiri district, India
Nationality: India
Died: May 8, 1972 (aged 92)
Education: University of Mumbai
Books: History of Dharmaśāstra, History of Sanskrit Poetics, Professor Kane’s contribution to Dharmaśāstra literature
Known as: Indologist
Awards: Bharat Ratna

  • Pandurang Kane’s long and distinguished career can be appropriately described as a saga of dedication to cause of the study of Indian Culture.
  • In 1963, the President honoured him with the highest Civilian Award,”Bharat Ratna”.
  • Pandurang Vaman Kane was born on May 7, 1880, at Parashuram near Chiplun in Ratnagiri district.  Both his father and grandfather we learned Vedic Brahmins and Sanskrit Pandit (scholars).
  • He was brought up in an orthodox and religious atmosphere at home.
  • In the year 1902, he passed the first Li.B examination in the first class. In the year 1903, he passed M.A. (Master of Arts) in English and Sanskrit and was awarded the ‘Zala Vedanta’ Prize.
  • In 1904, Dr. Kane started his teaching career in a Government High School at Ratnagiri. He appeared for the S.T.C. examination (Secondary Teacher’s Certificate) in the year  1905 and stood 1st in the State of
  • Later he was transferred to the Elphinstone High School at Bombay. While working as a teacher he obtained the B.A., LI.B. degree.
  • In 1906, Dr. Kane was awarded the V.N. Mandalik Gold Medal for an essay on “History of Alankara Literature”. The same article was later published in English in the form of a book and this valuable book was recommended as a textbook for the post-graduation course in Arts.
  • In 1907 he was again awarded the V.N. Mandalik Prize of  150/- for an essay “Aryan Manners and  Morals” as depicted in the Epics.
  • In June 1911, he resigned from Government Service, as he could not tolerate super-cession in the Education Department by less qualified people. He then became a High Court lawyer.
  • The British Government honoured him as “Mahamahopadyaya” in 1941. The Allahabad University conferred him with the honour of D.Litt. (Doctor of Literature) in 1946.
  • Kane was a Fellow of Bombay University for 9 years and became Vice-Chancellor in the year 1947.
  • Kane was a Member of the Rajya Sabha from 1953 to 1959. In 1956 he received  the Sahitya Academy Award and in 1959 he was honoured as the ‘National Professor’ of Indology.
  • He was also well versed in foreign language such as French and German.
  • Some of the famous works of Dr. Kane are ‘History of Dharmashastra’. Kane worked day and night for 32 years while writing ‘History of Dharmashastra’.  This encyclopedic work was published in five volumes.  The first volume was published in 1930, while the last one was published in 1962.
  • Kane was a renowned critic of Sanskrit literature and wrote extensively on ‘Kadambari’ by Banabhatta and ‘Uttar Rama Charit’ by Bhavabhuti.
  • Kane represented India in the International Oriental Conferences held in Paris in the year 1948, in Istanbul in the year 1951 an in Cambridge in the year 1954.
  • He was President of the Conference held in Walter in the year 1953 on Indian History.
  • Kane’s career at the bar proved to be a great success. H soon came to be recognized as an authority on Hindu Law, both by the Bar as well as the Bench.
  • Kane did not believe in caste system, he encouraged inter-caste marriages and widow re-marriage. He strongly criticized the ill treatment meted out to widows.
  • Kane was far from being a theoretical scholar. He was essentially a practical thinker.  Industry was the sheet anchor of his life.
  • He worked five days a week in the high court and reserved the remaining two days for literary pursuits so that he could devote some hours regularly for the study of Sanskrit. He worked relentlessly between 1904 and 1958.
  • Kane was honoured with the ‘Pamashree’ in 1955; and in 1963, the President of India decorated him with the highest honour, “Bharat Ratna”.
  • Kane was the second Maharashtrian to receive this great honour.  Dr. Kane passed away on April 18, 1972, at the ripe old age of 92.

Eminent Indologist Pandurang Kane

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