Govind Ballabh Pant

Here we listed out some interesting facts about Eminent Politician Gobind Ballabh Pant, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievemnet, etc

Born: 10 September 1887
Died: 7 March 1961 (aged 73)
Awards: Bharat Ratna
Profession: Lawyer, Freedom Fighter
Known as : Eminent Politician

  • One of our greatest parliamentarians, Govind Ballabh Pant was born on September 10, 1887 in Khunt, a tiny village in the Almora district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Govind’s father, Manorath Pant was a Government servant and his maternal grandfather, Badri Dutt Joshi was a judicial Officer  (Sadr Amin) of Kumaon.
  • He was a brilliant student, His favourite subject was mathematics. It is said that once he solved a mathematical problem which his teacher could not solve.
  • Debating was his other strong point. His oratory skills were excellent and stood him in good stead in his career as a lawyer and later as a parliamentarian.  While playing with his friends, young Govind preferred to be the refree.  His decisions would be accepted without any debate.
  • He was a voracious reader and enjoyed reading of books of Bankim Chandra and John Mills. He completed his B.A., L.L.B. from the Allahabad University and also received a gold medal.
  • Pant was deeply influenced by people like Pandit Motilal Nehru, Rajarshi Prushottamdas Tandon, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Sir Tej Bahadur Sarpa and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  • Pant first heard Gandhiji’s speech during the Congress Session which was held at Lucknow in 1916. He gave up his flourishing law practice and joined politics when Gandhiji gave the czall for non-co-operation in 1920.  He joined the ‘Swaraj Party’ established by Motilal Nehru and Chittaranjan Das.
  • In 1923, Goind Ballabh Pant became a member of the U.P. Legislative Council and was elected President of the U.P. Congress Committee in 1927.
  • He took active part in organizing demonstrations against the Simon Commission and received series injuries in a police lathi charge. The “Salt Satyagragha” began in 1930.  Pant led the movement in U.P.
  • Pant became a member of the Congress Working Committee in 1931 and continued to be its member till the end. In 1934 he was elected a Member of the Central Legislative Assembly and also became Deputy Leader of the Congress Party.
  • He brought about several social and educational reforms. He tried to end communal strife and the evils of untouchability.  The peasants were in a very bad shape at this time.  On one side they were suffering from droughts and floods and on the other they were suffering oppression from the Government and the Zamidars.  Pant fought for the abolition of the Zamidari system.
  • In 1940, Pant was arrested while performing “individual satyagraha” and sent to Almora prison. The moment he came out of prison he participated in the “Quit India” movement and was arrested once again in 1942.
  • Pant alongwith other prominent Congress leaders like Pandit Nehru, Maulana Azad, Asaf Ali and Acharya Kriplani was imprisoned in the Ahmednagar Fort. All these people kept themselves busy reading, writing and gardening.  Pant corresponded regularly with his children.  His letters to his children displays his warm, fatherly side.  Pant’s health started deteriorating gradually  and he was released from the prison  in 1946.
  • He was re-elected to the U.P. Assembly in 1946. He served as Chief Minister of U.P. for eight years continuously.
  • In 1954 Govind Ballabh Pant was called upon to join the Union Cabinet as Home Minister, a post he handled admirably. Formation of States based on languages took place in 1956.  Pant was an able administrator, a powerful orator and an intellectual.  Despite his political schedule, he found time to write short stories and plays.
  • He was a great follower of Mahatma Gandhi, Pant played at a prominent role in the shaping of independent India and in appreciation of his great service to the Nation India honoured him with the “Bharat Ratna” in 1957.
  • In 1960 Pant had a heart attack. On February 20, 1961 while he was busy with his routine work, he suddenly fell ill and went into a coma for several days.  This strong yet gentle son of the Himalayas passed away on March 7, 1961.

Govind Ballabh Pant


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