Jawaharlal Nehru

Here we listed out some interesting facts about India’s First Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievemnet, etc

Born: 14 November 1889
Died: 27 May 1964 (aged 74)
Spouse: Kamala Kaul
Children: Indira Gandhi
Parents: Motilal Nehru, Swaruprani Thussu
Proffession: Barrister, Writer, Politician
Awards: Bharat Ratna

  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first and longest serving Prime Minister of India (1947-1964) is immortalized in history as champion of workd peace and secularism.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, on November 14, 1989 to swarooprani and the renowned lawyer, Pandit Motilal Nehru.  Jawaharlal Nehru had two sisters, Vijaylakshmi and Krishna.
  • Vijaylakshmi later become the firsrt woman President of the UN General Assembly.
  • He had the knowledge of Theosophy and Indian culture. He has also studied the Upanishads and the Bhagwad Gita and was an ideal teacher for the young Jawahar.
  • At the age of 15, Nehru was sent to England to study at the British Public School of Harrow. At the age of  18 he joined the Trinity College at Cambridge.
  • While at Cambridge he met many Indian students and learnt about Lala Lajput Rai, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and the social reforms taking place in India.  In 1910 he graduated from Cambridge and went on to study Law in England,
  • In 1912 Nehru returned to India and became a lawyer in the Allahabad Court. In 1916 he married kamala Devi.  The very same year Nehru met Gandhiji for the first time at the annual convention of the Indian National Congress Party.
  • In November 1917, Kamala Nehru gave birth to a bonny baby girl, whom they named Indira Priyadarshini.
  • Jawaharlal and his father, Motilal Nehru, left their law practise and jumped into the freedom struggle. They cut down on expenses, reduced the number of servants, sold their cars, gave up wearing ‘khadi’ and led a simple life.
  • In 1919, Nehru joined the congress and by the late 1920s he had emerged as the leader of the younger, more militant section of the Indian National Congress. He founded, with Subash Chandra Bose, the India Indipendence League.
  • In 1930 Gandhiji launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. For his participation in the movement, Nehru was arrested and put in jail. In 1931, Motilal Nehru passed away and this was a terrible shock for Nehru.  Kamala was very attached to Gandhiji and she too joined the freedom struggle despite her delicate health.
  • He travelled all over India to inspire people to fight for India’s freedom. In 1937 Nehru founded, again with Bose, the Congress Planning Committee, which anticipated the economic programs of his Government after independence.
  • Between 1921 and 1945 Nehru was imprisoned nine times for his political activities. During one of his prison term he wrote his autobiography (1936).
  • On September 2, 1946 an interim Government led by the Congress and the Muslim League was formed under Nehru.
  • With a heavy heart, Nehru and the Congress accepted the partition of India and the two separate States of Hindustan and Pakistan came into existence. India remained within the British Commonwealth of Nations, mainly at Nehru’s insistence.
  • India became independent on August 15, 1947 and Nehru was elected Prime Minister. Nehru worked relentlessly for the formation of modern India and can rightly be called the ‘architect of modern India’.  He aimed at making India a democratic and socialistic state, tolerant of all religions.
  • Nehru retained office in the 1952, 1957 and 1962 elections and thus was India’s Prime Minister from 1947 to 1964. He launched a policy of planned economic development with emphasis on large-scale industries and multi-purpose projects.
  • During this period several industries were set up in India and industrial townships like Durgapur, Bhilai, Rourkela, Ranchm came into being many dams were built. Nehru secured substantial aid both from the West and the Soviet Union in his efforts at industrialization.
  • Nehru tried through some Western friends of Portugal to persuade the Portuguese to9 vacate Goa. Finally in December 1961, Indian troops entered the colony and Goa got independence.
  • Nehru initiated the policy of non-alignment and resistance to what he considered residues of Western colonialism. He visited China in the hope of developing a special relationship and enunciated his Five Principles of co-existence.  He emerged as one of the leaders of the non-aligned nations.
  • He died in New Delhi on May 27, 1964 and was mourned by the whole nation.
  • Nehru loved children and children loved Nehru. To them he was ‘Chacha Nehru’.  Every year November 14, his birthday is celebrated as “Childrens Day”.
  • Nehru was a prolific writer. His writings include books of speeches and essays and several historical works, including ‘Glimpses of World History’, ‘India and  the World’, ‘Eighteen months in India’, ‘The Unity of India’ and the ‘The Discovery of India’.
  • Nehru was honoured with the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1955.

Jawaharlal Nehru

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