Rajashri Purushottamdas Tandon

Here we listed out some interesting facts about Rajashri Purushottamdas Tandon, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievemnet, etc

Born: 1 August 1882
Birth Place: Allahabad
Died: 1 July 1962
Education: Muir Central College (1904), Muir Central College
Awards: Bharat Ratna
Nationality: Indian
Known as: Freedom Fighter

  • Rajashri Purushottamdas Tandon was born on August 1, 1882 at Allahabad (U.P.) to Saligram and Sharan Piyari.  According to the Hindu calendar, August is known as ‘Purushottamas’ and hence Saligram and Sharan  piyari named their son.
  • Purushottamdas received his primary education from a ‘Maulavi’ later he was admitted t C.A.V. School at Allahabad. He was a brilliant student.  He was also good at sports and was the captain of his school cricket team.
  • He was married to Chandramukhi at the age of 15, while in school, Purushottamdas was attracted to the freedom movement and joined the Congress Party while still a student.
  • While working with the Congress he came in close contact with other great patriots, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bipin Chandra Pal, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Purushottamdas graduated in 1904 from the Muir Central College and completed his L.L.B. in 1906. In 1907 he did his M.A. in history.
  • He enjoyed reading good literature and was well read in English, Arabic, Hindi and Sanskrit literature.
  • He was honorary editor of the Hindi newpaper ‘Abhyuday’ for some time.
  • Purushottamdas Tandon was Law Secretary and Foreign Minister of Nabha State from 1914 to 1916.
  • In 1918, Purushottamdas Tandon set up the Hindi Vidyapeeth in Allahabad District peasants’ Committee to improve the working conditions of the agriculturists.
  • Slowly Purushottamdas gave up his law practice and was completely involved in the freedom movement. His family suffered financially due to his decision.
  • In 1920 Purushottamdas was elected Chairman of Prayag Municipality. The revenue of the Allahabad Corporation went up during his tenure.
  • Purushottamdas Tandon took active part in all the national movements like the non-co-operation movement, the Quit India movement etc. and went to jail several times.
  • He was dedicated social worker and also initiated the ‘No-tax’ campaign in 1930, which was highly appreciated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • He was later elected speaker for the U.P. Legislative Assembly. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946.  In 1947 he founded the Hind Rakshak Dal.
  • In 1948 Purushottamdas took over as president of the U.P. congress. In 1950 he was President of the All India Congress Committee.
  • In 1952, he was elected Member of the Lok Sabha and in 1956 he became a Member of a Rajya Sabha.
  • He was closely associated with the ‘Servants of the People’ Society, the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan and the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti.
  • He devoted a major part of his life in propagating Hindi language and for the development of  Hindi literature.  He contributed greatly for the cause of Hindi.
  • In 1947 India got its freedom, but paid a heavy price for it. India was divided into ‘Hindustan’ and ‘Pakistan’.  Purushottamdas Tandon was greatly grieved by this.
  • On April 15, 1948 Purushottamdas Tandon was honoured with the title of ‘Rajashri’ at a huge rally by Devaraha Baba and in 1961, he was honoured with the prestigious ‘Bharat Ratna’ award.
  • Purushottamdas Tandon passed away on July 1, 1962 at Allahabad, one year after receiving the much-deserved ‘Bharat Ratna’ award.

Purushottamdas Tandon

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