Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Here we listed out some interesting facts about The First Individual Satyagrahi Acharya Vinoba Bhave, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 11 September 1895,
Birth Place: Pen, India
Died: 15 November 1982,
Death Place: Wardha, India
Other Names: Acharya
Known for: Bhoodan movement
Parents: Rukmini Devi, Narahari Shambhu Rao
Awards: Bharat Ratna

  • Vinayak Narahri Bhave, the eldest son of Rukminibai and Narahari Bhave, was born in the Pen taluka, Kolaba district in the village Ganoda on September 11, 1895. He had three brothers and a sister.
  • Vinayak’s father, Narahari Bhave, was a learned Scholar of science and arts. His mother, Rukminibai was a pious, religious lady always helping the sick and needy. She would tell Vinayak, “God is everywhere, in every atom of everything on this earth”.
  • Vinayak translated the ‘Bhagvad Gita’ into simple Marathi, which became very popular by the name “Geetai”.
  • Vinayak’s grandfather, Shambhurao, was deeplu religious, but very modern in his thinking. He would appoint a Muslim singer to sing.
  • He could speak many languages like Marathi, Tamil and Telungu fluently.
  • Vinayak was very generous and enjoyed giving his things to others. He would wander in the jungles and was careless about his cloths and appearance.
  • Vinayak’s father gifted him with two books; The ‘Bhagavad Gita’ and The ‘Ramayana’. He liked reading them and gave a deep thought to the teachings mentioned therein and helped him in his later years.
  • Vinayak Bhave met Gandhiji and was greatly impressed by his teachings. He joined Gandhiji’s Ashram at Sabarmati in June 1916 and led a life of austerity, concerning on ways to improve Indian village life.
  • Gandhiji was very much impressed by his “Simple Living and High Thinking”. Gandhiji then started calling him “Vinoba”.
  • In the Sabarmati Ashram, Vinoba started teaching Sanskrit to his colleagues and came to be called ‘Acharya’, meaning teacher.
  • On April 8, 1921 Vinoba Bhave started an Ashram at Paunar near Wardha on the lines of the Sabarmati Ashram.
  • In 1932, the Britishers had banned the Congress, but still on behalf of the ‘Indian Congress Party’ Vinobaji addressed the people and was arrested and put behind bars at Dhulia Jail.
  • In October 1940, Gandhiji told Vinobaji that the Congress wished to start the battle against the British by launching the ‘Individual Satyagraha’ and he wished to nominate Vinobaji as the first individual Satyagrahi.
  • On October 17, 1940 Vinobaji offered Satyagraha and appealed to the people not to co-operate with the British in any way or support them in the war efforts in which they were trying to involve India.
  • In 1947, India gained freedom, but with freedom came the pain of partition. The next immediate blow to the country was that of Gandhiji’s Vinobaji was deeply moved by in  these incidents.
  • The poor people from the village requested Vinobaji to give them work and land so that they could be independent. He gathered the villagers and appealed to them to donate some land to the poor villagers.
  • When a rich landlord, Ramachandra Reddy, donated a hundred acres of his land, Vinoba was very pleased and started the Bhoodan Movement in full earnest.
  • Vinobaji would get up at 3’O clock every moring and start his Padayatra (walking); he reached Patna district 1954. Here he was able to gather and distribute land to over 4 lac people.
  • During this Padyatra Movement, Vinoba also started the “Sarvodaya Movement” (Upliftment of the poorest of the poor to the rich individual) by which he could help the poor and needy people in their day to day problems.
  • The Sarvodaya Conventionstarted in the year 1959 at Ajmer, and was a great success. After this ceremony, Vinobaji adopted “Maunavasa” (not to talk or whisper)”.
  • He used to impress on people’s education, friendship and to practice celibacy till one completes his education. Acharya Vinobaji was an uncrowned King and dwelt in the hearts of the people.
  • Vinobaji was an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and followed his path till the end. At the age of 88, on November 5, 1982, he had a major heart attack and refused any medical treatment.
  • He started Prayopaveshan (fasting) and died on November 15, 1982 at 9.30 am. He showed the path of “upliftment of the people” to the entire world.

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

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