Lal Bahadur Shastri

Here we listed out some interesting facts about the great little man of india Lal Bahadur Shasti, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 2 October 1904
Birth Place: Mughalsarai, India
Nationality: Indian
Died: 11 January 1966, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith (1925)
Spouse: Lalita Shastri (m. 1928–1966)
Parents: Ramdulari Devi, Sharada Prasad Srivastava
Known as: The Great Little Man of India, Former Prime Minister of India, Second Prime Minister of India
Awards: Bharat Ratna

  • The second Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri was a man of short stature but possessed great character, grit and determination.
  • The man who gave India the slogan of “Jai Jawan, Jai Kissan’, Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, near Benaras in Uttar Pradesh.
  • His father, Sharada Prasad Shrivastav was, a poor school teacher later joined Government service and worked in the revenue office at Allahabad.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was hardly one and a half years old when Sharada Prasad died and left his wife Ramadulari Devi to take care of their three children.
  • Ramadulari Devi was a woman of strong will and played a great part in shaping Lal Bahadur Shastri’s early life by imbibing the right values in him.
  • After the death of her husband, Ramdulari Devi moved to her father’s house in Mirzapur.
  • Lal Bahadur took part in Mahatma Gandhi’s non-co-operation movement and was imprisoned for a short while and thus had to discontinue his studies.
  • Upon his release he joined the Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist university and graduated in 1925 with the title, “Shastri”.
  • In 1926 he joined Lala Lajpat Rai’s ‘Servants of the people Society’ and plunged into the freedom movement.
  • In 1928 Lal Bahadur Shastri married Lalita Devi, the youngest daughter of Ganesh Prasad.  Shastrji did not believe in the dowry system and refused to take any dowry.
  • On the insistence of his father-in-law, however, he took five yards of ‘Khadi’ cloth as dowry. This proves how deeply the teachings and philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, with whom he shares his birth date, 2nd October, influenced him.
  • He also followed Gandhiji’s path of truth and non-violence. Lalitha Devi was a modest and pious lady who spent her time in rituals, meditation and looking after the family.
  • In 1937 Lal Bahadur Shastri was elected to the U.P. Legislative Assembly.  Between 1921 to 1942 Shastriji took part in  all the national movements, went to prison seven times  and spent  a total of nine years in jail.
  • In 1946, Lal Bahadur Shastri was re-elected to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Govind Ballabh Pant, impressed with is humility and unassuming nature, appointed him his Parliamentary Secretary. Lal Bahadur then shifted to Lucknow.
  • In 1952 he became the Union Minister of Railways and brought about several improvements in the Indian Railways. He abolished the 1st class and converted the existing 2nd Class to 1st Class, showing concern for the common man.
  • In 1956, he resigned from the Cabinet owning responsibility for a railway accident near Ariyalur in the South, setting a rare example for politicians.
  • In 1957 Shastriji won the elections from Allahabad and in 1958 became Minister for Transport and Industry.
  • The Kamaraj Plan in 1963 required senior Congress Leaders to resign their posts to strengthen the Party, Shastriji was the first to resign, but Nehru called him back as he had suffered a heart
    attack and needed the assistance of an able person like Shastriji. He mad Shastriji Minister without portfolio.
  • In Kashmir the situation was explosive due to the theft in the Hazrat Bal Mosque. Shastriji hadled the explosive situation carefully and restored peace in Kashmir.
  • On May 27, 1964 when Jawaharlal Nehru died, the country was plunged into sorrow. People were apprehensive, who would be the next leader? Who would be the next Prime Minister?  But Nehru had already given a hint when he asked Lal Bahadur Shastri to be  prepared to attend the Commonwealth Conference in June.  Lal Bahadur Shastri became Prime Minister after Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • During his tenure as Prime Minister, Shastriji tackled several problems like food shortage, unemployment and poverty. To face the food crisis, hi initially imported food grains and distributed them throughout the country.  Later he drew long-term plans to make the country self-sufficient in food production.
  • Farmers were provided with high quality seeds, irrigation systems were improved and the farmers were paid well for their agriculture production.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri showed his mettle during the Indo-Pak War, Which broke out in 1965, When Pakistan started its activity on the Kashmir border and crossed the international border at Chhamb in March 1965, Shastriji did not hesitate to retaliate.
  • The military bases in Pakistan were attacked and by the 22nd day of the war, the Indian forces and entered Lahore and Sialkot in Pakistan.
  • Shortly after signing the “no-war”agreement at Tashkent, Lal Bahadur Shastri died of  a massive heart attack on February 11, 1966.  The great “Little man” (as he was called in the U.S.A.) was mourned all over the country.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri  remained a simple man till the end.  A memorial was set up at Vijay Ghat in Delhi.  For his incredible serve to the nation,  Shastriji was posthumously awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1966.

second prime minister lal bahadur shastri

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