M.G. Ramachandran

Here we listed out important facts about Film Actor and Politician M.G. Ramachandran (MGR), with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 17 January 1917
Birth Place: Kandy, Sri Lanka
Died: 24 December 1987,Chennai
Spouse: V. N. Janaki (m. 1963–1987)
Siblings: M. G. Chakrapani
Profession: Actor, Producer, Director, Politician
Award: Bharat Ratna

  • Maruthur Gopala Ramachandran, popularly known as MGR, former chief minister of tamilnadu, great actor, director and producer.
  • MGR was born on January 17, 1917 at Kandy in Sri Lanka to Gopala Menon and his wife Sathyabhama.
  • Soon after his birth, MGR’s father died and his mother took the two year old MGR to Kumbakonam, Tamilnadu.
  • As there was no source of income in the family, MGR could not study beyond the primary stage and joined a drama group called ‘Madurai Boys’ Drama company at the tender age of seven.
  • He worked in the company as a helper, but his keen observation and his good looks earned him small roles in dramas.
  • In 1936, he got the small role in the movie ‘Sati Leelavati’. In 1947, he played an important role in the movie ‘Rajkumari’, and then there was no looking back.
  • MGR made a steady rise in the world of cinema. He went on to become a great actor, director and producer.
  • In 1972, the Government of India honoured him with the National Award for the Best Actor for his acting in the film, “Rickshakarn”.
  • Having experienced poverty personally and thus being deprived of having a formal education, MGR would see to it that at least one song in his movie had some educational value to  the average man.
  • Almost all his songs went on to be great hits. He would take keen interest in the theme of the song and the composition of the music.
  • MGR was a good-natured person and endeavoured to teach good manners and discipline to the masses through his movie. He avoided including scenes of gambling, drinking and rape in his movies.  His fans called him ‘Idaya Devam’ (God of their hearts).
  • MGR acted with several heroines including Janaki, Padmini, Saroja Devi, Jeyalalitha etc. MGR and Janaki fell in love with each other during the making of the movie, “Maruda Nattu Ilavarsi” where Janaki played a princess and MGR was the hero.
  • Jayalalith joined MGR’s political party and later went on to become the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu.
  • MGR was greatly influenced by C.N. Annadurai’s speeches and writings and in 1953. MGR joined the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.  He became a member of the State Legislative Council in 1962.
  • He was elected to the Tamilnadu Legislative Assebly in 1967, and subsequently in the elections of 1971, 1977, 1980 and 1984.
  • After the death of Annadurai in1961, MGR offered his full support to Karunanidhi.  However, in 1972, due to some difference of opinion with Karunanidi, MGR left his party and founded the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), and became President of this party.
  • He also started a news bulletin called “Anna” which he also edited. MGR’s new party, AIADMK, soon gained popularity all over South India and it contested and won the subsequent elections.
  • In 1977, M.G. Ramachandran became the first film actor in India to be the Chief Minister of a State. He remained Chief Minister till the end of his life.
  • MGR was a popular Chief Minister and always personally present to offer relief in disasters and calamities like fire, blood, drought, cyclone etc.
  • He was the first to donate generously during the Chinese aggression in 1962. He donated Rs. 75,000/- to the war fund.
  • MGR tried his best to remove poverty from his state. He had made plans to donate free footwear to every child and woman in Tamilnadu, to distribute necessary vessels and clothes to the slum dwellers and also provide them with free electricity, but due to lack of funds, these ideas could not be implemented.
  • Having suffered the pangs of hunger himself, he made a project whereby the children of primary schools would be provided free lunch.
  • This Lunch Project was a Rs.200 crores project and the Central Government refused to grant him any financial aid. MGR used his own finances and tried to implement some of his ideas, which would benefit the socio-economically-backward classes.
  • MGR also wanted to provide educational facilities to his people. He founded the Tamil University, MGR Medical University and the Woman’s University in Tamilnadu.
  • He was always respectful towards women. In 1983, the Madras University conferred on him “honoris causa” and the degree of Doctor of Law.
  • MGR travelled extensively visiting Sri Lanka, Burma, Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong, France, Mexico, USA and USSR. MGR’s is a true story from rags to riches.  Yet he never forgot his old days.
  • He was compassionate towards the poor and disabled. He willed a huge amount of money towards the buildings of a Hostel for the deaf and dump children and also donated a piece of land to a boy’s hostel.
  • MGR passed away on December 24, 1987, at the age of 70, and was posthumously awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in January 1988.

M G Ramachandran

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