Mother Teresa

Here we listed out important facts about The Angel of Mercy Mother Teresa, with her Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc

Born: 26 August 1910
Birth Place: Skopje, Macedonia
Died: 5 September 1997, Kolkata, India
Full name: Saint Teresa of Calcutta
Siblings: Aga Bojaxhiu, Lazar Bojaxhiu
Education: Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham (1928–1928)
Awards: Nobel Peace Prize, Bharat Ratna
Known as: The Angel of Mercy

  • Mother Teresa, one of the most highly respected women in the world, was born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on August 26, 1910, at Skopje, Macedonia, in an Albania family.
  • Her father, Nicholas Bojaxhiu, was a businessman and building contractor and a partner in a well-known firm that constructed the first Skopje theatre.
  • Her mother Dranafile was a great influence in Agnes’ early life. She had consciously brought up her children to be aware of the less fortunate.  She regularly took food to the poor and was accompanied by the young Agnes.
  • Agnes was the youngest of the three children and as she was pretty, plump and pink, her family called her “Gonxha” (flower bud). From childhood the children were taught lessons of charity.  Agnes displayed her religious bent of mind at an early age.
  • She liked going to the church and enjoyed reading, praying and singing. When she was quite young, she was gripped by the desire to serve God and human beings.
  • In 1928, at the age of 18, Agnes went to Ireland to join the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In 1929, she was assigned to teach at the St. Mary’s Convent School in Calcutta, India.
  • After becoming a nun of the Roman Catholic Church, her name was changed to Mother Teresa.
  • She studied nursing at Patna, Bihar, took permission from Pope Pius XIII to leave the Loreto community and proceeded to the slums of Calcutta to serve the poor.
  • In 1948 she started a school in the slums of Calcutta, where along with studies she taught the children the importance of hygiene and health. Through the Catholic Relief Service she provided free lunch and milk to the students.
  • The Order organized schools and opened centres to treat the blind, the aged, the lepers, the disabled and the dying.
  • She also founded many other organizations to serve the suffering humanity like ‘Nirmal Hridoy’, home for the sick and dying and ‘Shishu Bhavan’ for disabled and mentally retarded children.
  • She encouraged the lepers to build a colony for themselves called ‘Shanti Nagar’ (Town of Peace) near Asansol.
  • Mother was not averse to birth control but she was totally against abortion. She would pick up the dying on the streets, and rescue poor, disabled children from the dustbins and nurse them.
  • She wore a sari similar to those of Calcutta’s municipal sweepers so that she could identify with the poorest of the poor.
  • For her selfless service to the poor and the destitute, Mother Teresa was bestowed with several awards.  In 1962, she received  her first award, ‘The Padmashree Award’.
  • In the same year she got the Ramon Magasaysay Award. In 1971 she was awarded the first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize.  She received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Peace in 1972.
  • On being awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1979 she said, “I accept it in the name of the poor because I believe that by giving me this prize they are recognizing the presence of poor in the world.”
  • She received the order of Merit  in 1983 and the Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhawana Award in 1993.  In 1980 she was awarded India’s highest decoration the  ‘Bharat Ratna’.
  • Mother’s Order founded in 1947 has almost 4,000 nuns running orphanages, AIDS hospitals, homes for the poor and several other charitable centres around the world.
  • In 1996 Mother’s health started deteriorating further and this time she finally stepped down and Sister Nirmala was chosen as the new head of the Order.
  • This noble laureate, the savior of the poor, the angle of mercy, Mother Teresa died of severe cardiac arrest on September 5, 1997 at the Missionaries of Charity Headquarters, and was mourned by the whole world.
  • K. Gujral, the then Prime Minister of India expressed sorrow over her passing away and said, “We in India are fortunate that the Mother chose to make Calcutta the base for her world-wide mission of mercy and compassion.
  • Though the Mother saw her God in everyone, she did not make any distinction between people of different religions. She did not make any distinction between people of different religions.  She served all with the same love and compassion.
  • U.S. President Bill Clinton said his condolence message, “Mother Teresa and Princess Diana – the two different women of vastly different backgrounds and worlds, are gone, but each of them has shown us what it is to live a life of meaning through concern for others.” Truer words were never spoken.

Mother Teresa biography

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