Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Here we listed out important facts about Iron Man of India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 31 October 1875
Birth Place: Nadiad, India
Nationality: Indian
Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
Education: Middle Temple
Books: IDEAS OF A NATION: VALLABHAI PATEL, more
Awards: Bharat Ratna
Parents: Jhaverbhai Patel, Ladba
Known as: The Iron Man of India

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel known as the ‘Iron man of India’ , was born on October 31, 1875 at Nadiad in peasant family of Gujarat.
  • His father Zaverbhai had served in the army of the Rani Jhansi and fought against the British.
  • Raised in a traditional Hindu family, Vallabhbhai attended his primary school at Karamsad and high school at Petlad, but was mainly self taught.
  • In 1981, when he was just 16 years old, Vallabhbhai was married to Zaverbai. He matriculated at the age of 22 from the Nainad High School  and passed the District Pleader’s examination that enabled him to practise law independently at Godhra.
  • His daughter, Maniben was born in 1904 and son, Dhayabhai was born in 1905. Zeverbai passed away in January 1909.
  • In 1910, Vallabhbhai went to England to study law at Middle Temple. After qualifying as a barrister in 1913, Vallabhbhai returned to India and started practice in Ahmedabad and distinguished himself as a criminal lawyer.
  • Gandhiji spoke about winning freedom for India through love and ‘ahimsa’ (non-violence). He wanted Indians to fight against the British through Satyagraha, using ‘passive resistance’.
  • Vallabhbhai found himself getting more and more engrossed in these lectures.  He was pulled towards Gandhiji with a magnetic force and became his ardent follower.
  • The form of friendship that developed between Gandhiji and Patel was that of a teacher and pupil. Patel had great respect for Gandhiji and Gandhiji reciprocated his feelings with love and affection.
  • This relationship became intimate when Gandhiji was elected the President of the Gujarat Sabha and Vallabhbhai Patel its Secretary in 1917.
  • Vallabhbhai gave up his western clothes wore a dhoti and Kurta and joined the struggle. The Government tried to break their resolution by seizing their land, crops and cattle but the farmers stood their ground.  They did not surrender.  Finally the Government was forced to give in to their request.
  • In 1919 Patel organized demonstration against the Rowlatt Bills. When Mahatma Gandhi gave the call for non-co-operation Patel gave up his lucrative practice at the Bar.
  • On August 18, 1923 Patel successfully led a procession with the National flag, after informing the Government Influenced by Gandhiji, whom he called ‘Bapu’ meaning ‘father’, Patel took to spinning on the ‘charkha’ (spinning wheel).
  • He took part in the boycott of foreign goods and called upon people to bring out their foreign clothes and burn them. He set an example himself by throwing his hats and dinner jackets into the bonfire.
  • In 1924, when Patel was elected President of the Ahmedabad Municipality, he introduced Gujarati as the official language and khadi as the uniform in the municipal establishment.
  • In 1928 the Government increased the tax on land. Patel organized a ‘No tax’ campaign in Bardoli against the unjust increase.
  • He camped in Bardoli, and moved amongst the people telling them about Gandhiji’s ideas of peaceful resistance. The farmers, encouraged by his talks, refused to pay the tax.
  • At one point it seemed that the Government would arrest Vallabhbhai Patel. Vallabhbhai Patel, who was the President of the Central Legislative Assembly and other leaders exerted their influence with the Viceroy and brought about a compromise.  The Government agreed to release the Satyagrahi prisoners and return the confiscated land to the owners.
  • This was a great victory for Vallabhbhai Patel, Gandhiji was very pleased with his disciple’s victory and  proudly called him ‘Sardar’ meaning Leader; and since the Vallabhbhai came to be called ‘Sarder Patel’.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was invited to the Round Table Conference in London. Gandhiji knew that the discussions would bear no fruit, but agreed to attend the conference all the same.  During his absence, Sardar Patel wrote to him regularly keeping him informed of the developments in India.
  • When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India, he was arrested and sent to jail with several other leaders. Both Gandhji and Sardar Patel were imprisoned in the Yeravad Central jail  in Pune.  They spent sixteen months together.  Sardar Patel served Gandhiji in every possible way.  The companionship strengthened the existing bond between them.
  • While in jail, Sardar Patel’s mother passed away in November 1932. He refused to be released conditionally for attending  the last rites.
  • In 1933, his elder brother, Vithalbhai died in Geneva, where he had gone to plead India’s case at the League of Nations.  Vithalbhai’s  body was brought to Bombay for
  • Vallabhbhai was greatly grieved at the demise of his brother, but once again refused to be released on parole to perform the customary last rites. Sardar Patel was released from jail in July 1934 due to ill health.
  • Mahatma Gandhi launched the ‘Quit India’ movement. Several Congress leaders, including Patel and Nehru were arrested and imprisoned in the Ahmednagar Fort.  Gandhiji was kept in the Agha Khan Palace in Pune.
  • An interim Government was formed at the Centre with Pandit Nehru as the Prime Minister, in 1946. Sardar Patel was Minister in charge of Home Affairs.
  • During the first three years of independence, Patel was Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Home, Minister of Information and Broadcasting and Minister for States.
  • His greatest achievement was the peaceful integration of the princely Indian States into the Indian Union and political unification of India.
  • Gandhiji praised Patel and wrote, “The task of dealing with the princely states was truly formidable, but I am convinced that the Sardar was the only man who could cope with it.”
  • Certain differences developed between Sardar Patel and Pandit Nehru. Gandhiji was greatly pained as he looked upon both as his devoted followers.  Gandhiji knew the worth of both and wanted them both to work together for the development of the country.
  • Respecting Gandhiji’s last wish, Patel worked closely with Pandit Nehru, consulting him on all-important matters. Nehru did the same.
  • Sardar Patel was an able statesman; disciplined and far-sighted, he realized the importance of the civil services. He formed the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police Service and many other Central Services.
  • Sardar Patel was an Indian first and foremost and advised people not to think in terms of different states or provinces, but to think of themselves as Indians and to develop a sense of unity.
  • Sardar Patel, ‘The iron man of India’, died in harness as the Home Minister of free India on December 15, 1950.
  • He was mourned by the nation and his funeral procession was followed by tens of thousands of people. Prime Minister Pandit Nehru and the President, Rajendra Prasad flew a Bombay for the funeral.
  • Nehru called him the builder of modern India. He was posthumously awarded with the country’s highest civilian award, the ‘Bharat Ratna’, on June 17, 1991.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

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