Alfred Nobel

Here we listed out important facts about Famous Scientist Alfred Nobel, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 21 October 1833, Stockholm, Sweden
Died: 10 December 1896, Sanremo, Italy
Nationality: Swedish
Awards: John Fritz Medal
Parents: Immanuel Nobel, Caroline Andrietta Ahlsell
Occupation: Chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, philanthropist
Known for: Invention of dynamite, Benefactor of the Nobel Prize

  • Alfred Nobel was born the son of a Swedish construction worker in Stockholm, 1833.
  • His father, Immanuel, often built bridges, and so was interested in finding different ways to blast away unwanted rock formations.
  • In the year of Alfred’s birth however, the construction business went bankrupt. Seeing nothing left for him in Sweden, Immanuel and his family moved to St. Peteresburg in Russia, where a factory was set up, making mines out of gunpowder, for use by the Russian Army during the Crimean war.
  • The demand for this product was high, the business was booming and Alfred Nobel and the other children received an excellent private education whilst in Russia.
  • His father also insisted that the travel the world during his education, and by the age of seventeen, he was fluent in five different languages.
  • Having been educated in chemical engineering, Alfred Nobel returned to St. Petersburg to try and develop a safe way of handling the highly volatile liquid nitro-glycerine, which had recently been invented.
  • The family were forced to return to Stockholm though before any real progress was made the end of the Crimean War also meant the end of the mine making business.
  • Back in Sweden, an explosion involving nitroglycerine resulted in the death of his brother, convincing Alfred that a safer alternative must be developed.
  • Eventually, he discovered that by mixing nitro-glycerine with siclica, the end product could be moulded into cylinder shapes, and was not greatly affected by minor fluctuations in temperature and pressure.  In 1867 he patented the product, calling it dynamite.
  • It was five times more powerful than ordinary gunpowder, and so very quickly became a sought after commodity in the world of mining and construction.
  • Dynamite was used the world over, for work such as blasting the Alpine Tunnel on the St. Gotthard rail line and cutting the Corinth Canal in Greece.
  • Within a few years, Alfred Nobel had increased the production of dynamite from his factories dramatically, and showed his supreme skill as a businessman by  being able to sell it all over the world.
  • Although he worked for the majority of his life developing explosives, Nobel was essentially a pacifist. When, in his later years he drew up a will, he stated that he wished the majority of his nine million dollar fortune to be used to fund awards in different fields of study (Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Physiology and Medicine, Peace)
  • He stated that the awards should be given to ‘those who have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind’.
  • It was five years after his death that the first Nobel awards were handed out, in 1901.  The Nobel foundation had been set up to organize the structure the awards.
  • Since their inception the Nobel prizes have to come to be recongised as the highest honour a person can receive in a particular area of study.
  • Although Alfred Nobel made an important discovery as a scientist, that of dynamitd, and used hs powers as an industrialist to produce and then sell the product, he should be best remembered for his legacy.
  • Through his will, outstanding artists, scientists and humanitarians alike have been able to push through invaluable work for the good of humankind.

Alfred Nobel

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