C. Subramaniam

Here we listed out important facts about Hero of the Green Revolution C. Subramaniam, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 30 January 1910,
Birth Place: Pollachi taluk, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: 7 November 2000, Chennai
Education: Presidency College, Chennai
Books: The New Strategy in Indian Agriculture: The First Decade and After, more
Awards: Bharat Ratna
Natinality: Indian

  • When Jawaharlal Nehru died in 1964, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India. Subramaniam, the Minister for Steel, Mines and Industries was now given Agriculture, a sector that was weak and under tremendous pressure due to low yielding varieties of seeds and increasing population.
  • India is primarily an agricultural country, C. Subramaniam brought about a radical change in the agricultural condition of India in the 1960s and this came to be known as the ‘Green Revolution’.
  • He started off with a remunerative price policy for farmers, which gave birth to the Agricultural Prices Commission and Food Corporation of India in 1965.
  • CS reorganized agricultural research and appointed Dr. B.P. Paul, a renowned scientist, as Director-General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), improved the pay scales of the scientist and went in for targeted and time-bound research.
  • CS wanted to import a large quantity of HYN seeds from Mexico, but this idea was strongly opposed in Parliament and also by sociologist and bureaucrats;
  • CS, overcame all hurdles and forged ahead undaunted, first with the support of Lal Bahadur Shastri and later with the support of Indira Gandhi.
  • Finally, 18,000 tonnes of HYN wheat seeds were imported in 1966 and the outcome of this action was miraculous.
  • India harvested 17 million tones of wheat in 1967-68.  There was no place to store all the excessive yield.  Schools in rural Punjab were closed down to store the new harvest.
  • The credit of bringing in this ‘Green Revolution’ goes to CS, who is modest enough to say that the real heroes of this Green Revolution are the farmers of Punjab who were the pioneers of this technology and whose enthusiasm and co-operation turned this attempt into a success.
  • CS has served the nation before and after independence in many ways. He is an experienced parliamentarian, an excellent writer and a great orator.
  • Subramaniam was born on Januray 30, 1910 at Chenguttapakayam, a small village in Tamilnadu in a family whose main occupation was farming. The family owned cotton and groundnut mills.
  • There were no education facilities, Girls did not go to school. There was only one teacher in the village who taught the boys. CS was one of the boys who received his primary education under these conditions.
  • CS and many of his young friends were influenced by Gandhiji’s non-violent revolution and were also inspired by the patriotic songs composed by the famous poet Subramania Bharati.
  • He took active part in all the national movements and was imprisoned for participating in the non-co-operation movement, the ‘individual Satyagraha’ movement in 1941 and the ‘Quit India movement in 1942.
  • From 1952 to 1962, CS was a member of the Madras Legislative Assembly. He also held various portfolios as Minister for State.
  • He assisted Rajagopalachari and Kamaraj when they were Chief Ministers of Madras (now Chennai) and brought about several administrative changes in the State of Tamilnadu.
  • Kamaraj Knew C.Subbramaniam’s worth and appointed him as Minister for Finance, Education and Law in his cabinet. CS gave his full support and co-operation to Kamaraj.
  • During his tenure as Chief Minister, between 1954 and 1963, Kamaraj brought about several changes and reforms in Tamilnadu.
  • He gave top priority to education. New schools were opened and the existing ones were provided with better facilities like buildings, libraries and laboratories.  He gave special attention to rural electrification.
  • On the agricultural front, a number of irrigation schemes were executed in a short time.
  • He encouraged the Government to build new industries and made Tamilnadu one of the most socially and economically developed States of India.
  • CS would attended the meetings of the National Development Council at Delhi from time to time. Jawaharlal Nehru was quite impressed with CS’s oratory and administrative acumen and invited him to join the Central Cabinet.
  • CS was appointed Minister for Steel, Mines and Heavy Engineering and later Minister for Agriculture.
  • In 1971 he was Minister for Defence in the Cabinet Ministry of Charan Singh. CS was conscientious person; if he did not agree with the decisions of the Cabinet, he would not hesitate to resign.
  • In 1965 when the Government of India decided to make ‘Hindi’ compulsory in Tamilnadu, CS resigned. In 1969 when there was a split in the Congress, CS moved from Kamaraj’s Party and joined Mrs. Indiara Gandhi; but when Indira Gandhi clamped ‘Emergency’ in 1975 he began to disassociate himself from her.
  • CS was Governor of Maharastra from 1990 to 1993. However, due to some comment which he made on the then Prime Minister P.V. Narashima Rao, CS had to resign from Governorship of Maharastra.
  • CS visited several countries like England, America, Russia, Japan and Hong Kong and wrote beautiful articles on his visits. After  resigning from the Governorship, CS return to chennai.
  • Despite his advancing age, CS continued to serve society. Subramaniam continued to serve society.  CS who invited the ‘Green Revolution’ in India, was awarded the well-deserved “Bharat Ratna” in 1998.

C Subramaniam

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