Netaji Subash Chandra Bose

Here we listed out important facts about Founder Leader of Azad Hind Sena Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
Spouse: Emilie Schenkl
Children: Anita Bose Pfaff
Education: Scottish Church College (1918)
Parents: Prabhavati Devi, Janakinath Bose
Nationality: Indian

  • Subash Chandra Bose, populrarly known as “NETAJI”, meaning LEADER, was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack , Orissa to Janakinath Bose, a prominent lawyer, and Prabhabati.
  • Subash Chandra went to school at the age of five. He was brilliant in his studies.  He was greatly influenced by his headmaster, Benimadhab Das, who inculcated a sense of moral values in him and the young Subash learnt to distinguish between right and wrong.
  • Subash Chandra joined the Presidency College at Calcutta. Around this time, he came across a book written by Swami Vivekananda and was highly impressed by his teachings.
  • In school and College he was more interested in social service and political activity than in studies.
  • After graduating from Calcutta University, he proceeded to Cambridge University for further studies.
  • In 1920, he passed the Indian Civil Service examination in England and was in the service of the British Government for a short period.
  • However , the idea of being in his resignation and came back to India in 1921 in the midst of the non-co-operation movement launched by Gandhiji.
  • The non-co-operation movement made the Indian National Congress a powerful, non-violent organization.
  • Gandhiji advised Bose to work under Chittaranjan Das who was the leader of the Swarajya Party “Self-Ruled” in Bengal.
  • In Chittaranjan Das, Bose found an apt leader and political guru. There he became a youth educator, journalist, and commandant of the Bengal Congress Volunteers.
  • Owing to these activities, the British Government put him behind bars in December 1921. Gandhiji called Bose the “Patriot of Patriots”.
  • Bose was not in favour of Gandhji’s policy of non-violence and organized the Azad Hind Fauj to defeat the British during the Wrold War II. In spite of the defeat of the Azad  Hind Fauj, Subash Chandra Bose won an immortal place in Indian History.
  • Bose was deported to Burma under suspicion of connections with secret revolutionary movements.
  • In June 1925, Bose was deeply struck by the sudden loss of his leader Chittaranjan Das, Gandhiji now resumed his Congress activities and Bose was elected President of the Bengal Congress. On May 16, 1927 he was released from jail due to ill health.
  • By December 1927, Bose with Jawaharlal Nehru, became the General Secretary of the Congress.
  • In the Congress Session, Bose moved a resolution demanding India’s “complete independence” but he did not win majority.
  • On Janurary 23, 1930, Bose was arrested once again for leading an “Independence”. While Bose was in detention in 1930, Gandhiji started the Civil Disobedience Movement all over India.
  • He was finally released in 1933 and allowed to go to Europe. During this period he wrote the book, “The Indian Struggle”, and pleaded India’s case with European Leaders.
  • In 1933 when Bose visited Vienna for medical reasons, he met Vithaldas Patel, another Indian freedom fighter and was greatly influenced by him.
  • In the year 1938, he was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress and formed a National Planning Committee, which formulated a policy of industrialization.
  • When Gandhiji withdraw his support, Netaji founded a new party known as “Forward Block”.
  • At this very critical juncture in India’s history, on July 2, 1940, he was arrested for the eleventh time and put behind bars where he announced his determination to ‘fast to death’, which frightened the British Government into releasing him from jail.
  • Bose managed to escape from India and reached Germany hoping to exploit the International situation in favour of India. In Germany, Bose raised a body of Indian Volunteers to fight against the western powers.
  • He then travelled to Penang Island, which is near the west coast of Malaya in hazardous circumstances for 3 months in a German submarine, which thrilled the East.
  • Bose flew to Tokyo, where Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbour and captured Singapore to strengthen the independence struggle with Japanese aid against the British Government.
  • This resulted in the release of Indian soldiers from the British Indian Army in Japanese custody to join Netaji’s Force.
  • Many Indians from Singapore and South Asia voluntarily joined Netaji’s Army.
  • In October 1943, Subash Chandra proclaimed the establishment of his Independent Indian National Army “Azad Hind Sena”.
  • He addressed the Indian soldiers and officers and said, “Comrades, let your battle cry be ‘Chalo Delhi’…….if you follow me in life as well as in death, I shall lead you on the road of freedom……Give me your blood and I shall give you feedom.”
  • Subash Chandra Bose raised a regiment of women, which was called the ‘Rani Jhansi Regiment’.   Lakshmi Swaminathan was the Commander of this regiment.
  • When Subash Chandra took control of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands he re-named them as Shaheed Island and Swaraj Island.
  • With the help of the Japanese Army, Azad Hind Sena advanced to Rangoon and thereafter landed into Indian Territory, reaching Kohima and Imphal, whichi is  very near to the Burmese Border and north of Bay of Bengal.
  • Even after being promised support by the Japanese Air Force, Netaji’s force had to retreat due to lack of Japanese and support.
  • Subash Chandra Bose was a brilliant young man set for a bright future in the Indian Civil Services when he chose to dedicate himself to the Indian National movement instead.
  • “Jai-Hind” was the battle cry of Subash Chandra Bose and he roused the nation to great patriotic heights.
  • While travelling from Singapore to Tokyo his plane crashed. He was taken to a hospital in Taiwan where he is reported to have breathed his last on August 18, 1945.
  • The “Bharat Ratna” Award given to Subhash Chandra Bose was withdrawn later, however. The Supreme Court of India declared on August 4, 1997 that the press communiqué dated January 23, 1992 issued from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to confer “Bharat Ratna” award posthumously on Netaji should be treated as cancelled as this proposal was dropped by the Union Government in deference to the sentiments expressed by the public and his family members.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

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