Aristotle

Here we listed out some interesting facts about Famous Scientist Aristotle, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 384 BC, Stagira, Greece
Died: 322 BC, Chalcis, Greece
Nationality: Greek
Parents: Phaestis, Nicomachus
Era: Ancient philosophy
Region: Western philosophy
School: Peripatetic school, Aristotelianism
Main interests: Biology Zoology, Physics Metaphysics, Logic Ethics Rhetoric, Music Poetry Theatre, Politics Government
Notable ideas: Golden mean, Aristotelian logic, Syllogism, Hexis, Hylomorphism, Theory of the soul

  • Aristotle (Aristoteles) (384 BCE-March 7, 322 BCE) was a Greek scientist and philosopher.  Along with Plato, he is often considered to be one of the two influential philosophers in Western thought.
  • Aristotle was born at Stagira, a Greek colony on the Macedonian peninsula Chalcidice in 384 BCE.
  • His father, Nicomachus, was court physician to King Amyntas of Macedonia.  It is believed that Aristotle’s ancestors held this position under various kings of Macedonia.
  • Aristotle was probably influenced by his father’s medical knowledge ;  when he went to Athens at the age of 18, he was likely already trained in the investigation of natural phenomena.
  • The relations between Plato and Aristotle have formed the subject of various legends, many of which depict Aristotle unfavorably.
  • No doubt there were divergences of opinion between Plato, who took his stand on sublime, idealistic principles, and Aristotle, who even at that time showed a preference for the investigation of the facts and laws of the physical world.
  • It is also probable that Plato suggested that Aristotle needed restraining rather than encouragement, but not that there was an open branch of friendship.
  • Aristotle’s  conduct after the death of Plato, his continued association with Xenocrates and other Platoists, and his allusions in his writings to Plato’s doctrines prove that while there were conflicts of opinion between Plato and Aristotle, there was no lack of cordial appreciation or mutual forbearance.
  • After the death of Plato (347 BCE), Aristotle went with Xenocrates to the court of Hermias, ruler of Atarneus in Asia Minor, and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias.
  • In 344 BCE, Hermias was murdered in a rebellion, and Aristotle went with his family to Mytilene.  Then, one or two years later, he was summoned to his native Stagira by King Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor of Alexander the Great, who was then 13.
  • Aristotle not only imparted to Alexander a  knowledge of ethics and politics, but also of the most profound secrets of philosophy.
  • Alexander provided Aristotle with ample means for the acquisitions of books and the pursuit of his scientific investigation, and it is quite likely that Alexander  the Great’s renowned military ability can be traced, at least in part, to his relationship with Aristotle.
  • In about 335 BCE, Alexander departed for his Asiatic campaign, and Aristotle, who had served as an informal adviser, (more or less) since Alexander ascended the Macedonian throne, returned to Athens and opened his own school of philosophy.
  • During the thirteen years (335 BCE – 322 BCE) which he spent as teacher of the Lyceum, Aristotle composed most of his writings.  Imitating Plato, he wrote “Dialogues” in which his doctrines were expounded in somewhat popular language.
  • He also composed the several treatises (which will be mentioned below) on physics, metaphysics, and so forth, in which the explosion is more didactic and the language more technical in ht “Dialogues”.  These writings show to what good use he put the recourses Alexander had provided for him.
  • They show particularly how he succeeded in bringing together the works of his predecessors in Greek philosophy, and how he pursued, either personally or through others, his investigations in the realm of natural phenomena.
  • Aristotle was fully informed about the doctrines of his predecessors, and Strabo asserted that he was the first to accumulate a great library.
  • During the last years of Aristotle’s life the relations between him and Alexander the Great became very strained, owing to the disgrace and punishment of Callisthenes whom Aristotle had recommended to Alexander.
  • Alexander’s death became known in Athens, and the outbreak occurred which led to the Lamian war, Aristotle shared in the general unpopularity of the Macedonians.
  • The charge of impiety, which had been brought against Anaxagoras and Socrates, was now, with even less reason, brought against Aristotle.
  • He left the city, saying (according to many ancient authorities) that he would not give the Athenians a chance to sin a third time against philosophy.
  • He took up residence at his country house at Chalcis, in Euboea, and there he died the following year, 322 BCE.
  • His death was due to a disease from which he had long suffered.  The story that his death was due to hemlock poisoning, as well as the legend that he threw himself into the sea “because he could not explain the tides,” is without historical foundation.
  • The statues and busts of Aristotle, possibly from the first years of the Peripatetic School, represent him as sharp and keen of countenance, and somewhat below the average height.  His character (as revealed by his writings), his will (which is undoubtedly genuine), fragments of his letters and the allusions of his unprejudiced contemporaries, was that of a high-minded, kind-hearted man, devoted to his family and his friends, kind to his slaves, fair to hid enemies and rivals, grateful towards his benefactors.
  • When Platonism ceased to dominate the world of Christian speculation, and the works of Aristotle began to be studied without fear and prejudice, the personality of Aristotle appeared to the Christian witers of the 13th century, as it had  to the unprejudiced pagan writers of his own day, as calm, majestic, untroubled by passion, and undimmed by any great moral defects, “the master of those who know”.

Aristotle

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