James Clerk Maxwell

Here we listed out important facts about famous scientist James Clerk Maxwell, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 13 June 1831, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Died: 5 November 1879, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Spouse: Katherine Mary Dewar (m. 1858–1879)
Education: University of Edinburgh, Trinity College, Cambridge
Notable students: George Chrystal, John Henry Poynting
Known for: Maxwell’s equations, Maxwell distribution, Maxwell’s demon, Maxwell’s discs, Maxwell speed distribution, Maxwell’s theorem, Maxwell material, Generalized Maxwell model, Displacement current, Maxwell coil, Maxwell’s whee
Awards: Smith’s Prize (1854), Adams Prize (1857), Rumford Medal (1860), Keith Prize (1869–71)


  • James Clerk Maxwell-Devout Protestant Christian. “Maxwell’s breadth of appreciation of ‘Christianity grew still further during his time in London.  To his background of Presbyterianism (in the Scottish kirk of his father’s tradition) and the Anglicanism of his mother and Cambridge, he added an experience of the Baptists.”
  • Cancer……infected his abdomen. Despite intense pain he continued work up to his own death at forty-eight.  Almost his last words were “God help my poor wife.”
  • Science magazine eulogized him, reminding the readers of Maxwell’s well-known Christian convictions; in him there was profound mystical strain, although he spoke little of it publicly. In his view, scientists should not trumpet the religious implications of their findings.
  • James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79), born in Edinburgh, was the son of a Scottish Laird, an advocate, whose small farm-estate was called Glenlair……Having received a B.A. in 1854 he obtained a fellowship at Trinity the next year.
  • He died at the early age of thirty-eight. This brilliant scientist was buried in the churchyard of the Parton Kirk, where he had been an elder…..
  • He exhibited not only scientific industriousness, but also basic poetic feeling and imagination.
  • He was profoundly sincere. At the same time he had an overflowing humor; there was elasticity in his step, a sparkle in his eye.  He was an avid reader, particularly of English literature.
  • His marriage to Katherine M. Dewar, daughter of the Principal of Marischal, was a happy one; together they read the English classics.
  • In 1875 he remarked, “I think that men of science as well as other men need to learn from Christ, and I think that Christians whose minds are scientific are bound to study science that this view of the glory of God may be as extensive as their being is capable of.”
  • In his early twenties he had noted, “Happy is the man who can recognize in the work of Today a connected portion of the work of life, and an embodiment of the work of Eternity.”
  • Finally, at twenty-seven he had concluded, “The more we enter into Christ’s work He will have more room to work His work in us. For He always desires us to be one with us. Our workshop is social, and Christ will be where two or three are gathered together in His name.”



James Clerk Maxwell

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