Michael Faraday

Here we listed out important facts about famous scientist Michael Faraday, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 22 September 1791, Newington Butts, London, United Kingdom
Died: 25 August 1867, Hampton Court Palace, Molesey, United Kingdom
Nationality: British
Spouse: Sarah Barnard (m. 1821–1867)
Awards: Royal Medal, Bakerian Lecture, Copley Medal, Albert Medal, Rumford Medal
Fields: Physics, Chemistry
Institutions: Royal Institution
Known for: Faraday’s law of induction, Electrochemistry, Faraday effect, Faraday cage, Faraday constant, Faraday cup, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, Faraday paradox, Faraday rotator, Faraday-efficiency effect, Faraday wave, Faraday wheel, Lines of force

 

  • Faraday’s parents were member of the obscure religious denomination of the Sandemanians pf the Sandemanians, and Faraday himself, shortly after his marriage, at the age of thirty, joined the same sect, to which he adhered till his death.
  • Religious and science he kept strictly apart, believing that the data of science were of an entirely different nature from the direct communications between God and the soul on which his religious faith was based.
  • The son of a blacksmith who became one of the greatest scientists of the 19th His work on electricity and magnetism not only revolutionized physics, but has led to so much in our lifestyles today which depend on them.
  • Faraday was a devoutly Christian member of the Sandemanians, which significantly influenced upon him and strongly affected the way in which he approached and interpreted nature.
  • The Sandemanians originated from Presbyterians who had rejected the idea of state churches, and tried to go back to a New Testament type of Christianity.
  • By 1826 he was head of the Royal Institution, founded…. to provide scientific education for the masses.
  • Faraday’s scientific achievements , among the greatest in history.
  • Because of God created the world, all of nature must be interconnected as a single whole, he belived.
  • Therefore, electricity and magnetism must be uiterlinked. This view of nature was the vary view emphasized by the Sandemanians.
  • Key to Faraday’s thought was the idea that objective reality must judge every theory, no matter how elegant and sophisticated…
  • Michael served as a lay preacher in the Sandemanians throughout his life. Sandemanians, an offshoot of the Scottish Presbyterian Church, believed in practicing primitive Christianity.  They urged separation of church and state.  They observed communion in conjunction with foot washing and love feasts.
  • His faith gave him the courage to turn down a government request that he develop poison gases for use in the Crimean War.
  • He was happily married to Sarah Bernard, a fellow Sandemanian, the Faradays had no children. When he died, he was buried, at his own request, beneath a simple headstone.
  • His successor, the physicist John Tyndall, called Michael Faraday, “the greatest experimental philosopher the world has ever known.”
  • He confessed, “The book of nature which we have to read is written by the finger of God.” This lecture is published at the end of a volume on Experimental Researches in Chemistry and Physics, where he states, “These observations are so immediately connected in their nature and origin with my own experimental life; either as a cause or a consequence, that I have thought the close of this volume not an unfit place for their reproduction.”
  • He believed the universe is intelligible, beautiful and adaptable to man’s usedesigned by a rational, wise, and good God.
  • He wrote, “The beauty of electricity, or of any other force, is not that the power is mysterious and unexpected, but that it is under law, and that the taught intellect can even now govern it.”
  • He regarded facts as fundamental, the observed ones of science and the revealed ones of religion. Each group, however, is surrounded by an aura of speculateion, i.e., theory or theology.
  • If these auras are large, overlap will occur and inevitable conflicts owing to the incompleteness and imperfection of each.
  • Faraday’s life was consistent with his faith and hope. He had an unquenchable thirst for truth, but he recongnized his own limitations.  He pursued truth industriously throughout his whole life.
  • Tyndall noted that in Faraday’s case, “You cannot separate the moral and the emotional from the intellectual.

 

Michael Faraday

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