Sir C.V. Raman

Here we listed out important facts about famous scientist Sir C.V. Raman, with his Biography, Profile, Facts, Timeline, Awards, Achievement, etc.,

Born: 7 November 1888, Thiruvanaikaval, Tiruchirappalli
Died: 21 November 1970, Bengaluru
Nationality: Indian
Fields: Physics
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics, Bharat Ratna, Matteucci Medal, Hughes Medal, Lenin Peace Prize, Franklin Medal
Books: Why the Sky is Blue: Dr. C.V. Raman Talks about Science, more
Education: Presidency College, Chennai (1907), Presidency College, Chennai (1902–1904), University of Madras
Parents: R. Chandrasekhar Iyer, Parvathi Ammal
Spouse: Lokasundari Ammal (1907–1970)
Known for: Raman effect


  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born at Trichinopoly in Southern India on November 7th , 1888.
  • His father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics so that form the first he was immersed in an academic atmosphere.
  • He entered Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 passed his B.A. examination, winning the first place and the gold medal in physics; in 1907 he gained his M.A. degree, obtaining the highest distinctions.
  • His earliest researches in optics and acoustics the two fields of investigation to which he has dedicated his entire career –were carried out while he was a student.
  • Since at that time a scientific career did not appear to present the best possibilities, Raman joined the Indian Finance Department in 1907; though the duties of his office took most of his time, Raman found opportunities for carrying on experimental research in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science at Calcutta ( of which he became Honorary Secretary in 1919).
  • In 1917 he was offered the newly endowed Palit Chair of Physics at Calcutta University, and decided to accept it.
  • After 15 years at Calcutta he became Professor at the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore, established and endowed by himself.
  • He also founded the Indian Journal of Physics in 1926, of which he is the Editor.
  • Raman sponsored the establishment of the Indian Academy of Sciences and has served as President since its inception.
  • He also initiated the Proceedings of that academy, in which much of his work has been published, and is President of the Current Science Association, Bangalore, which publishes Current Science (India).
  • He contributed an article on the theory of musical instruments to the 8th Volume of the Handbuch der Physik, 1928.
  • In 1922 he published his work on the “Molecular Diffraction of Light”, the first of a series of investigations with his collaborations which ultimately led to his discovery, on the 28th of February, 1928, of the radiation effect which bears his name and which gained him the 1930 Nobel Prize in physics.
  • Other investigation carried out by Raman were his experimental and theoretical studies on the diffraction of light by acoustic waves of ultrasonic and hypersonic frequencies, and those on the effects produced by X-rays on infrared vibrations in crystals exposed to ordinary light.
  • In 1948 Raman, through studying the spectroscopic behavior of crystals, approached in a new manner fundamental problems of crystal dynamics.
  • His laboratory has been dealing with the structure and properties of diamond, the structure and optical behavior of numerous iridescent substances.
  • Raman has been honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924), and was knighted in 1929.


Sir C.V. Raman

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