Preparation Tips and Tricks to Crack UPSC ESE Exam

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has oftenly announced notification of Engineering Services Examination for Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering categories. Those Candidates who are interested in the vacancy details & completed all eligibility criteria can watch this video and prepare well based on this video.

About the Exam:
Indian Engineering Services remains the most sought-after career for the engineering graduates in India. Engineering Services Examination commonly known as ESE is conducted annually by UPSC to recruit engineers of four domains i.e. Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics & Telecommunications for the Techno –Managerial posts. The examination constitutes a two-stage written examination followed by an interview. ESE is considered as one of the toughest examinations in India due to fewer posts and high competition. Owing to highly competitive selection procedure, IES officers carry high respect and status and are mandated to manage and execute activities in diverse technical and managerial fields.

These candidates after the final selection are posted in various Ministries and Departments of GOI such as Railways, Telecom, Border Roads, CPWD, CWC, CPES, NHAI, Naval Armaments, IDSE, MES, Ordnance Factories etc., however, they can move to any cadre, organisation, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India. All these final selected candidates are designated as class-1 officers.

Application Fee
For Female/ SC/ ST/ PWD: NIL
For Others: Rs. 200/-
Candidates can pay either by depositing the money in any Branch of SBI by cash or by using net banking facility of SBI.

Age Limit (Approx)
Minimum Age: 21 Years
Maximum Age: 30 Years
Age relaxation is applicable as per rules

Candidates should possess Degree/ Diploma (Engg), M.Sc, Master’s Degree (Relevant Disciplines).

Exam Pattern:
UPSC is responsible for the entire examination and the recruitment process. IES exam consists of 3 stages viz.
Stage 1 or Preliminary Examination,
Stage 2 or Mains Examination and
Stage 3 or Personal Interview

– Indian Engineering Service examination (Stage 1 and Stage 2) is conducted in offline mode.
– Questions in Preliminary Exam are objective type. Whereas, questions in Mains Exam are conventional in nature.
– The medium of examination is English only.
– For every wrong answer, one-third mark will be deducted.

Engineering aspirants who qualify Prelims as per IES Cut Off are eligible to appear for IES Mains. The nationwide engineering exam is conducted for recruitment to various posts in Indian Engineering Services, under the Government of India.

Stage 1 (IES Prelims) :

IES Prelims

IES Prelims

Stage 2 (IES Mains):

IES Mains

IES Mains

Stage 3 – Personal Interview:
This stage is also known as Personality Test.
It is the final stage, candidates qualifying the written exams are called for the interview.
It carries a maximum of 200 marks.
Candidates shortlisted from Stage 2  i.e. IES Mains exam have to fill a Detailed Application Form (DAF) online.

The stage assesses the following skills in a candidate:
Suitability of candidate for a career in public service sector
Mental caliber or Mental alertness
Leadership Qualities
Initiative & Intellectual Curiosity,
Mental & Physical energy and
Other social traits and interest in current affairs.

Candidates qualifying all the stages (Stage 1 + Stage 2 + Stage 3), the marks secured in each stage are included to prepare the Final Merit list of the Engineering Service Examination.

I. Civil Engineering (for both objective and conventional type papers)
Paper I
1. Building Materials
2. Solid Mechanics
3. Structural Analysis
4. Design of Steel Structures
5. Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures
6. Construction Practice, Planning and Management

Paper II
1. (a) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel, Flow, Pipe Flow
(b) Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower
2. (a) Hydrology
(b) Water Resources Engineering

Environmental Engineering
3. (a) Water Supply Engineering
(b) Waste Water Engineering
(c) Solid Waste Management
(d) Air and Noise Pollution and Ecology
4. (a) Geo-technical Engineering
(b) Foundation Engineering
5. (a) Surveying and Geology
(b) Transportation Engineering

II. Mechanical Engineering (For both objective and conventional type papers)
Paper I
1. Fluid Mechanics
2. Thermodynamics and Heat transfer
3. IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning
4. Turbo Machinery
5. Power Plant Engineering
6. Renewable Sources of Energy

Paper II
1. Engineering Mechanics
2. Mechanisms and Machines
3. Design of Machine Elements
4. Manufacturing ,Industrial and Maintenance Engineering
5. Mechatronics and Robotics

III. Electrical Engineering (for both objective and conventional type papers)
Paper I
1. Engineering Mathematics
2. Electrical Materials
3. Electric Circuits and Fields
4. Electrical and Electronic Measurements
5. Computer Fundamentals
6. Basic Electronics Engineering

Paper II
1. Analog and Digital Electronics
2. Systems and Signal Processing
3. Control Systems
4. Electrical Machines
5. Power Systems
6. Power Electronics and Drives

IV. Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering (For both objective and conventional type papers)
Paper I
1. Basic Electronics Engineering
2. Basic Electrical Engineering
3. Materials Science
4. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation
5. Network Theory
6. Analog and Digital Circuits

Paper II
1. Analog and Digital Communication Systems
2. Control Systems
3. Computer Organization and Architecture
4. Electro Magnetics
5. Advanced Electronics Topics
6. Advanced Communication Topics

Preparation Tips:
Empty Your Cup
Start your preparations with a clean slate. Remove all preconceived notions about IES being an extremely difficult exam to crack. A cup cannot be filled if it is already full. Always keep in mind that if you keep your goal in focus and do not allow yourself to get distracted – you will always achieve it no matter the difficulties encountered along the way.

Understand the Syllabus:
It is very important to understand the IES syllabus and exam pattern of the Engineering Service Exam. It not only focuses on your technical knowledge but also your aptitude, general knowledge and personality. Be sure that you sufficiently prepare for every phase accordingly and go through each and every point of the syllabus.

Don’t Obsess over Timetables
By now, you must have heard from everyone around you the importance of making a timetable and sticking to it. It s all well and good if strictly adhering to a timetable works for you, but if you do not fare well with them, do not fret over it. Everyone has a different method that works for them. Take time to analyse yourself and find a time of day when your concentration is at its best. It does not matter how many hours of study you put in, what matters is how many concepts you grasp within those hours. Studying with full concentration for two to three hours gets more concepts into your brain than forcing yourself to pour over books for eight to ten hours. Writing down important points helps you to remember things and also serves as a quick revision, so you do not have to hunt through the whole book to search for a particular point.

The OK4R Method
In many cases, it is found that many students simply do not know how to study. Only reading through the topics is not enough. The OK4R is a scientifically proven method that helps you to comprehend and remember the topics effectively. The method is explained below –
Overview – Do not start reading the text immediately. Go over the headings, subtitles and the summary to get a general idea of what the text is about.
Key Ideas – Skim over the text by reading the first sentence of each paragraph to get the main idea about the concept.
Read – Now is the part when you read each and every word of the text carefully. This is the only part students usually focus on.
Recall – Close the text and concentrate. Try to recall all the main points from what you have read.
Reflect – Think over the meaningfulness of the topic. Relate the things you have learnt to the things in the real world. Doing this not only helps you to understand the topic better but also enables you to remember it for a longer period of time. Speak the concept out loud. Doing so increases your chances of remembering it better.
Review – Go back to the topic at a later time and read it again. If you find you have forgotten some things, study them again. Also, it is better to study the subjects you find difficult or boring at the start when your concentration level is at its peak and leave the easier topics for later.

Trick Your Brain Into Remembering Things
Have you ever wondered why you remember every little detail of the embarrassing situation you were in five years ago, but not the topic you read a few days ago? That is because our brain tends to record the things that are out of the ordinary, eye-catching, apart from the normal routine of every day; things that the brain thinks are important. Thus, the boring, technical topic gets filtered out of our storage area. To remember the dull stuff, we have to trick our brain into thinking it is important.

Here are a few tricks to do this –
Our brain remembers images more than simple text. Wherever possible, make diagrammatic representations of what you have learnt.
Engage your brain into activities that will improve your cognitive ability and charges up your neurons, such as puzzle solving and brain teasers.
Focus on understanding rather than memorizing. Once you really understand a concept, you do not have to spend much effort to memorize
Do not try to learn anything new after putting your books down for the day. Your brain needs some time to process things to remember them well. Learning new things while processing what you have studied will cause you to lose some of what you have just learnt.

Keep Yourself Well-Hydrated
Surprised by this one? Yes, drinking water helps your brain to study more effectively. Our body consists of 70% water. It has been found that dehydration decreases cognition function of the brain, thus hampering your learning.

Listen To What Your Brain Has To Say
You will know when your brain starts to get overloaded. If you find yourself just skimming over pages rather than actually reading, it is a cue for you to take a break. Go listen to your favourite music or play your favourite sport to recharge your brain. Forcing yourself to keep on studying will do more harm than good.

Practice Makes Perfect
You have definitely heard this line, there is a reason this old adage is so oft repeated. The more you practice, the more chance you have of successfully passing the exam.Take as many mock tests as possible. They help you to manage your time and also allow you to find out your weaker areas so you can focus on them. Keep yourself up to date on current affairs for the general knowledge test. Develop a habit of reading newspapers and magazines daily to stay up to date with the goings-on in the world.

If you follow these tips, work smart and keep up your morale, our big, burly bouncer will have no choice but to look disappointed and let you pass through the entrance to your chosen sector in triumph. All the Best!

Reference Books:

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