Joomla Interview Questions & Answers – 2

51. What is the difference between Drupal and Joomla?Explain

S.no Joomla Drupal
1. Joomla is easy to control and suitable to handle midrange projects. Drupal is one of the hardest CMS to control and suitable for complex projects.
2. Less powerful tools compared to Drupal Drupal offers powerful tools, but they are hard to master.
3. Suitable for projects looking for an intuitive interface and standardized capabilities. Suitable for projects looking for scalability and versatility.
4. Highly accessible, flexible and designer-friendly Requires high amount of learning curves

52. What is the difference between WordPress and Joomla?Explain

S.no Joomla WordPress
1. Excellent search engine optimization capability Has search engine optimization capability but less compared to Joomla
2. More secure compared to WordPress due to its own set of security extensions Security vulnerability
3. Less customization potential the sheer number of customization potential
4. Requires less amount of training Simpler content management

53. What are the Similarities Between Joomla and WordPress?
• Both Joomla and WordPress are written in PHP.
• Joomla and WordPress are open source and are free.

54. What is the language manager in Joomla?
In Joomla, the language manager option is used to set the Native Title, SEF Prefix, Image Prefixes and Language Code of the installed or to be installed language.

55. How to update my Joomla website?
• Backup your Joomla website
• Now login to the server hosting the Joomla through ssh
• Go to the folder /home/[cpanel-username/public_html
• Download the latest version of Joomla to the server
• Extract the downloaded file onto Joomla website
• Remove the installation folder
• Remove the downloaded Joomla install
• Now your website is fully updated to the latest version

56. How to take backup of my Joomla website?
To take a complete backup of your Joomla website:
• Take database backup at first
• Log in to Hosting control panel and select File manager
• Now locate the root folder for the Joomla website
• Search for the file configuration.php
• Open it and check database name, username, and password
• Go to cPanel, open ‘phpMyAdmin,‘ select the database name and export and save the .sql file in the computer
• Go to the File Manager present in cPanel, choose to select all
• Download and save it as a .zip file in your computer
• The backup process is complete now

57. Lists the templates used in Joomla?
We can use two types of templates in Joomla:-
• Front-end templates: It changes the website look to average users.
• Back-end templates: It changes the administrator look and rare to find.

58. Name the Joomla templates.
Joomla templates:
o Beez3
o Hathor
o Isis
o Protostar

59. Which editor is used in Joomla?
TinyMCE Editor

60. Why Do The Pop Ups In My Wysiwyg Editor Not Work Or Show Gibberish?
Depending on the editor, this problem may occur when trying to edit the html, insert tables or perform a similar function that requires javascript.
Most likely the problem with the livesite.
You look in your site configuration (General Configuration, select the Server tab) you will see that the livesite is given. Usually it is either www.mydomain.com or mydomain.com.
When you log into your site, you must log in from the exact livesite. if you don’t the javascript in your editor will not work.
One way to deal with this is to put a redirect from, for example, mydomain.com to www.mydomain.com so that you and your users always login from the correct url. You can do this with .htaccess.

61. Which are the Editor buttons in TinyMCE Editor?
The Editor buttons are:
• Article
• Image
• Page Break
• Read More
• Toggle Editor.

62. What is the use of Read More button in TinyMCE editor?
The red dotted line gets displayed in the editor. The further information part of the article gets displayed after the read dotted lines or sometimes it displays the entire article.

63. What is article Metadata?
Metadata describes details of the article in short. It makes easy to work with the particular data.

64. What does the Purchase Type column indicates in Banner Manager?
It indicates how the clients are purchasing the banners i.e. yearly or Monthly. By default it is monthly.

65. What is Template Manager?
It manages the various templates that are used in the website. The templates can be used without changing the content structure of the website.

66. What is the use of <jdoc:include type=”modules” name=”top” /> in index.php while creating templates?
In body section the jdoc is used to include the output in Joomla from some parts of Joomla system. The name=”top” is used to set the menu at the top.

67. What is Category Manager?
Category Manager is used to create categories for the article which allow grouping your content better.

68. How we can change the images for template in Joomla?
To change the images for the template in Joomla, we have to access the back-end administrative interface navigates to Extensions and then select Template Manager. Now select the template which needs to be modified and click edit. Then click on the icon to access Edit HTML.
Additional information: The images for a given template are generally located in this folder: /templates /templatename /images (Substitute the name of the template you are using in place of “templatename”).
A trick for finding the name of the image is to put your cursor over it and click right. Select view image. This will display the image and give its full url. Sometimes the images are background images. This is viewable in Firefox or you can look for the background tag in your page source.
How to upload an image: There are many ways to upload images. Which one you use will depend on your host and server.
1. You can use an ftp client.
2. You can use a cpanel file manager.
3. You can use the media manager.
4. You can use various extensions that allow uploading, including joomlaexplorer and galleries.

69. What Are Pathways Or Breadcrumbs?
If you are on a particular page and to get to that page you had to go through several folders to find that particular page, then that series of links will be your pathway or breadcrumb. For example: Home >> Books >> Pages >> New Page.

70. Explain Breadcrumb Module in Joomla?
Breadcrumb displays hierarchical representation with click able links for the users to determine where they are in the web site and allow them to navigate back.

71. How Do I Eliminate The Pathway Or Breadcrumbs?
In this case the breadcrumb for that page would look like: “Home >> Books >> Pages >> New Page”.
If you wish to eliminate the pathway entirely, edit your template html (index) file. Usually it will look like this:

<div id="pathway">
<?php mospathway(): ?>
</div>

If you wish to eliminate it on a specific page, such as just the home page, you can modify the template in this way:

New line:if($option != "" && $option != "com_frontpage")
New line:{
New line:?>
Existing:
Existing:
Existing:
New line:}
New line:?>

Understanding: The first line says that if the option in the url does not equal com_frontpage (!=”com_frontpage”) display the pathway. In php ! means not.

72. How To Control The Contents Of The Newsflashes?
In the newsflash, one can display any content in specific sections.
o In the administrative back end of top menu select “modules”>>”site modules”
o To edit the module, click on “newsflash”.
o Beside the “Category” parameter, click on the drop down menu and select the category of the content that should be displayed on the page.
o Click on “Save” to save your changes.

73. How we can configure a Joomla site to use HTTPS? Explain
Joomla has a feature named as Joomla Force SSL to activate the SSL Certificate and use HTTPS.
• First, install an SSL certificate in your server
• Get the dedicated IP Address unique for one SSL Certificate to
• configure the configuration.php file
• Find the

var $live_site ='';
and replace it with
var $live_site = 'https://www.your-domain.com;

• open .htaccess file and add

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} OFF
RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

• Now enable force SSL
• Apply and Save

74. How to configure mail function in Joomla?
There are chances that Joomla will be set up by default to use the PHP mail function. If not, the setting can be modified by accessing the Joomla admin area. Go to section, access Global Configuration and then Server. The corresponding parameters can be found under the “Mail Settings” section.

75. What is the use of Extension Manager in Joomla?
Extension Manager is used to extend the functionality of Joomla website.

76. How we can turn on /off caching in Joomla?
To disable and enable caching in Joomla, follow these steps:-
• Login to the backend of Joomla
• Go to System, then Global Configuration and Open System Tab
• You will get the Cache settings
• Set it according to your preference
• Save and close

77. List the server requirements for Joomla 3.x?
• Greater than PHP 5.3 or equal
• Greater than MySQL 5.1 or equal
• Greater than Apache 2.0 or equal

78. What is the use Official Support Forum in Joomla?
Official Support Forum helps in supporting the exchange of ideas and views officially in Joomla.

79. What is the use of Documentation Wiki in Joomla?
The Documentation Wiki is used for formatting the content of articles, cross linking pages and creating the documentation of Wiki template by themselves.

80. What is Joomla Translations?
Joomla translations help in translation of language in Joomla core files. It helps in documentation and screens along with other task to meet the need of diverse language community.

81. What is Community Portal?
Community Portal helps in bringing Joomla news from all over the world at one place.

82. What is the use of Module Class Suffix in Breadcrumb Module?
Setting this parameter causes Joomla to either add a new CSS class or modify the existing CSS class for the div element for this specific module.

83. What is Feed Display Module in Joomla?
Feed Display Module is used to show the RSS News Feeds from a website. It is a way to provide user with the updated content from other resources.

84. What is Footer Module?
Footer displays the information of the Joomla license and the copyright of the website.

85. What is Latest News Module?
Latest News Module is used to display the most recent published article in a list.

86. What is Search Module?
Search Module is used to display a search box, where the user types a particular name to search the website.

87. What is Random Image Module?
Random Image Module is used to display the images randomly from the selected directory.

88. What is Who’s Online Module?
This module helps to display the user’s information that is accessing the website.

89. What is Syndicate Module?
Syndicate module helps in creating an RSS Feed link for the page. It allows creating a Newsfeed by user for the current page.

90. What is the use of Path to Log Folder under system setting?
It gives a path to store the logs by Joomla. This path is automatically set up on Joomla installation and should not be changed.

91. What is the use of Joomla Media Settings?
Joomla Media Settings help to configure the global media files options such like file format, MIME specifications, upload of files, size of files etc.

92. What is Media Manager?
It is the tool for managing the media files and folder in which you can easily upload, organize and manage your media files into your article editor tool.

93. What is Language Manager?
The Joomla language manager option is used to set the Native Title, Language Code, SEF Prefix, and Image Prefixes of the installed or to be installed languages.

94. What is the use of Mass Emailing in Joomla?
Mass Mail is used for sending emails to the group of registered users. Users can be selected based on groups.

95. What is the use of Debug system section under debug setting?
It is a debugging system of Joomla which provides debug information by setting it to “Yes”. It provides some various forms such as diagnostic information, language translations and SQL errors.

96. What is Web Link Manager?
The link resource is provided for user of the site and can be sorted into categories.

97. What is Menu Manager?
It allows creating menus and menu items and can be managed subsequently. You can put menu in any style and in multiple places.

98. What is Rss?
It stands for Really Simple Indication which syndicates your site contents and RSS files can be automatically updated.

99. What is Content Manager?
It allows managing the content using WYSIWYG editor to create or edit the content in a very simple way.

100. What web services does Joomla Support?
Joomla supports Remote Procedure Calls and XML-RPC services

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