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This branch deals with the resemblance between parents and their offsprings and the transmission of charcters or the hereditary materials from the former to the latter.

The fact that living things inherit traits from their parents has been used since prehistoric times to improve crop plants and animals through selective breeding. However, the modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the process of inheritance, only began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-nineteenth century. Although he did not know the physical basis for heredity, Mendel observed that organisms inherit traits via discrete units of inheritance, which are now called genes.



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  1. Satch

    Son of a gun, this is so hlepufl!

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(kytos-cell, logos-study). This branch deals with the structure of the cell and its organells. During recent years knowledge about cell...